Unit Livefire Exercises

Unit live-fire exercises are planned, prepared, and performed as outlined in the mission training plan for the infantry platoon and squad. The soldier performs marksmanship tasks under realistic combat conditions within the framework of these exercises. NOTE Table 1-1 shows training devices a commander may use to sustain weapons proficiency. (See Appendix A for details on these training devices.) The devices replicate, but are not intended to replace, live-fire exercises or qualifications....

Figure Record fire

Since all soldiers must fire the record fire course at least once a year for qualification, the record fire course can provide excellent firing performance evaluations. It also provides excellent diagnostic information for instructors-trainers who are concerned with scheduling training to overcome the most serious firing weaknesses. The standard course should be used for all soldiers. There are times when a qualification exercise must be conducted on an alternate course. (1) The...

Urban Operations Firing Positions

Gun Silencer Diagram For Pistol

Although the same principles of rifle marksmanship apply, the selection and use of firing positions during urban operations (UO) requires some special considerations. Firing from around corners could require the soldier to fire from the opposite shoulder to avoid exposing himself to enemy fire. a. The requirement for long-range observation can dictate that positions be occupied that are high above ground. Figure 7-6 shows a soldier firing over rooftops, exposing only the parts of his body...

Modified Automatic And Burst Fire Position

M16a1 Wound

Maximum use of available artificial support is necessary during automatic or burst fire. The rifle should be gripped more firmly and pulled into the shoulder more securely than when firing in the semiautomatic mode. This support and increased grip help offset the progressive displacement of weapon-target alignment caused by recoil. To provide maximum stability, prone and supported positions are best when firing the M16- M4-series weapon in the automatic or burst fire mode. (If the weapon is...

D m m x centimeters round this up to cm

Zeroed Target 300 Meters

One click of elevation on the front sight moves the strike of the bullet 10 centimeters at a range of 300 meters. (Tables 5-1 and 5-2 show the amount of change in elevation of the strike of the bullet at various ranges.) (3) Elevation Rear Sight. The elevation knob adjusts elevation 1. 1 inch for each click at 100 meters with each dot and each number representing one click of elevation. DISTANCE 1 CLICK WILL ADJUST THE POINT OF IMPACT Table 5-1. M16A2 3 and front sight post of an M16A4. Table...

Figure Quick fire training program

NOTE Quick fire will only be conducted by soldiers in basic training. Short-range marksmanship will be conducted at unit level. a. Effectiveness of Quick Fire. Quick-fire techniques are appropriate for soldiers, who are presented with close, suddenly appearing, surprise enemy targets or when close engagement is imminent. Fire may be delivered in the SEMIAUTO or AUTOMATIC BURST mode. For example, a point man in a patrol may carry the weapon on AUTOMATIC BURST. This may also be required when...

Figure ANPVS training program

Training strategy on the AN PVS-4 is much the same as aiming lights. The course of fire for the AN PVS-4 sight is the same scenario as with the aiming lasers with the same qualifications standards. b. Conduct of Training. This training should familiarize the soldier with the proper operation and characteristics of the AN PVS-4 in accordance with the TM. (1) Modified Fundamentals. The fundamentals are changed as follows Steady position. This fundamental slightly changes due to the...

Table Point of impact for MA with LLLSS

M16a1 Carbine With Burst

The M16A2 A3 rifle (Figure 2-4) features several improvements over the M16A1. It is designed to fire either semiautomatic or a three-round burst through the use of a selector lever (SAFE, SEMI, and BURST). The M16A3 has the same characteristics as the M16A2 with the exception of the selector lever (SAFE, SEMI and AUTO) this weapon fires full automatic. (1) Mechanically Zeroing the M16A2 A3. Mechanically zeroing the weapon (Figure 2-5) is only necessary when the weapon zero is questionable,...

Figure Backup iron sights training program

The BIS is adjusted for a 300-meter battlefield zero to provide backup in the event an optic or laser device fails to function. The BIS is zeroed on the M4 M4A1 target on the backside of the M16A2 zero targets (NSN 6920-01-395-2949). The 25-meter zeroing procedures are the same as for conventional rear sight assembly on the M16- M4-series weapons. b. Conduct of Training. All procedures for the BIS are the same as with standard iron sights. (1) Boresight the Iron Sights. (Optional.)...

Phase Iii Shortrange Marksmanship Qualification

Each soldier will conduct a blank-fire exercise under the same conditions as the actual qualification. Each soldier will have a coach to ensure that he is acquiring the target that the weapon remains on safe until time to engage the target and is then placed back on safe and that he maintains muzzle awareness throughout the exercise. If a soldier is having difficulty during the blank-fire exercise, he will not continue with the qualification and will be retrained. Soldiers should conduct SRM...

Range Determination

Range determination is the process of finding the distance between two points. In most situations, one of these points will be the soldier's own position. The other may be a target or prominent feature. The ability to accurately determine range is an important skill needed by the combat rifleman to accomplish his mission. Not only does the accurate determination of range affect his combat marksmanship proficiency, it is also required to report information and adjust artillery and mortar fire....

Missionessential Tasks

Marksmanship proficiency is critical and basic to soldiering and is required for any unit deployed to a wartime theater. All commanders should develop a mission-essential task list (METL) and organize a training program that devotes adequate time to marksmanship. The unit's combat mission must be considered when establishing training priorities. This not only applies to the tasks selected for the unit's METL but also the conditions under which the tasks are to be performed. If a unit may be...

To be considered SAFE before disassembly cleaning inspecting transporting or storing the weapon must be cleared

Glock Exploded View

Point in a SAFE DIRECTION Place selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be pointed toward SAFE. b. Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down. c. To lock bolt open, pull charging handle rearward. Press bottom of bolt catch and allow bolt to move forward until it engages bolt catch. Return charging handle to full forward position. If you haven't before, place selector lever on SAFE. d. Check receiver and chamber to ensure...

Figure A Multipurpose arcade combat simulator

The MACS was designed to enhance other training techniques and existing training aids and devices used to train and sustain marksmanship skills. It is not designed to replace live-fire training or to eliminate the need for knowledgeable instructors. The MACS provides additional practice for those units without access to adequate range facilities, or that have other resource constraints. The Weaponeer is an effective rifle marksmanship-training device that simulates the live firing of the...

C Phase Iiirange Estimation and Sight Manipulation to Meters

SDMs must use range estimation methods to determine distance between their position and the target. NOTES 1. Ensure weapon is cleared and that no ammunition is loaded prior to training. 2. Ensure weapon is zeroed prior to training. 3. Ensure the soldier knows how to adjust for wind and gravity. 4. Ensure the soldier can manipulate the rear sight for different ranges. (1) Range Estimation Training. The SDM can use several different methods to determine range to the target to include the...

Qualification Training

Although marksmanship is a continuous training requirement, units normally conduct a refresher program before qualification. Soldiers must be well rounded in marksmanship fundamentals and have preparatory marksmanship training before qualification. This applies to qualification for the entire unit or for newly assigned personnel. All trainers must understand that rifle marksmanship is not a series of exercises to be trained in a planned sequence. The unit must prepare for training byD Issuing...

Figure Marksmanship Fundamentals I training program

The four fundamentals IAW with this manual. Basic firing positions IAW with this manual. Range and safety procedures IAW with local standard operating procedures. Dominant eye training. IAW with this manual. Demonstrate the integrated act of shooting during dry fire exercises. M15A1 aiming card 6 consecutive alignments. (3 using side alignment and 3 using bottom up alignment.) Target box and paddle exercise at 25 meters. (6 consecutive within a 2-cm circle) Modified dime or washer exercise. (6...

Training Devices And Exercises

Several marksmanship training devices are available to aid in sustainment training when used with the appropriate training strategies. They are beneficial when ammunition is limited for training or practice exercises. Some training devices are complex, costly, and in limited supply, while others are relatively simple, cheap, and in large supply. Devices and aids can be used alone or in combinations. Individuals or squads can sustain or practice basic marksmanship skills and fundamentals with...

Instructional Intent

Reinforce PMI and KD firing and apply the techniques of target detection by engaging a more difficult course of fire, with increased time stress with single and multiple pop-up targets. Special Instructions Ensure proper rear sight setting M16A1 the unmarked aperture, short-range Ensure proper rear sight setting M16A2 3 8 3, M16A4 and M4 6 3 flush . Ensure the rear sight aperture is set on 300, not 800. Ensure small aperture is being used. Peer coaching is stressed Practice Record Fire I

Downrange Feedback Phase II of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

This chapter contains guidelines for the instructor-trainer to conduct training on ranges that provide detailed feedback from the targets down range, such as bullet impact locations and shot group size. Primarily this chapter contains grouping and zeroing procedures and how to conduct the 3 types of known distance ranges. It also contains the instructional intent, special instructions, and subject areas that should be observed to ensure quality training. Downrange feedback provides precise...

Figure Artificial illumination training program

Nighttime Tracer Fire

When artificial illumination is used, the eyes lose most of their night adaptation and off-center vision is no longer useful. Aiming is accomplished as it is during the day. Artificial illumination allows the firer to use the iron sights as he does during the day using the 0-2 rear sight aperture. b. Engaging targets under artificial illumination allows for better target detection and long-range accuracy than the unassisted technique. When the light is gone, time must be spent in regaining...

Figure A Training arrangement supported firing position

Military Sniper Position Symbol

To use the Weaponeer in a mobile configuration, it must be shock mounted. The manufacturer's conceptual mobile training unit is shown in Figure A-16. The TSC, Fort Benning, Georgia, has adopted a mobile mounting stand for supporting the Weaponeer range assembly and computer console Figure A-17, page A-20 . CONTROL CONSOLE INSTRUCTOR STORAGE VIDEO TARGET CONTROL CONSOLE INSTRUCTOR STORAGE VIDEO TARGET

Figure Ammunition impact comparison

M855 Bullet Drop Table

3 The M16A2 rifle with its 1 7 twist fires both types ammunition with little difference in accuracy to a range of 500 meters. The M16A2 and its ammunition are more effective at ranges out to and beyond 500 meters due to a better stabilization of the round. 4 The two 10-round shot groups in Figure 5-33, A were fired by a skilled marksman at a distance of 274.2 meters using the same M16A1 rifle. The 25.4-centimeter shot group on the left was fired and zeroed with M193 ammunition. The 6-foot shot...

Figure Unassisted night fire training program

Rifling Cutter Head

UNASSISTED NIGHT FIRE TRAINING Trainers must consider the impact of limited visibility on the soldier's ability to properly apply the fundamentals of marksmanship and combat firing skills. During limited visibility, a firer cannot generally use his sights in most situations and without artificial illumination the sights block his field of vision. These fundamentals and skills include a. Operation and Maintenance of the Weapon. Handling the weapon, performing operation and function checks,...

Phase Ii Target Discrimination Training

Target discrimination is the act of distinguishing between threat and nonthreat targets during SRC. During SRC, there is little or no margin for error. A shot at a noncombatant or friendly soldier, or slow inaccurate shots can all be disastrous. Target discrimination is an inescapable responsibility and must be stressed in all situations regardless of mission. It is essential that this training be aimed at instilling fire control and discipline in individual soldiers. The first priority is...

Nbc Dryfire And Livefire Exercises

Repeated dry-fire training and live-fire exercises are the most efficient means to prepare the soldier for successful target engagements at any range while in MOPP4 during MILES exercises and in live-fire training. The soldier must follow these procedures and applications to be combat effective in a NBC environment. a. NBC Dry-Fire Exercises. As with all marksmanship training, the soldier must start at the basics in order to become proficient at NBC fire. Modified fundamentals can be taught...

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship Phase Iv of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Alternate Prone Firing 7-2. Kneeling Supported Firing 7-3. Kneeling Unsupported Firing 7-4. Standing Firing 7-5. Modified Supported Firing 7-6. Urban Operations Firing 7-7. Modified Automatic and Burst Fire Section II. Combat Fire 7-8. Rapid Semiautomatic 7-9. Automatic or Burst 7-10. Suppressive 7-11. Quick Section III. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical 7-12. MOPP Equipment Fire 7-13. NBC Dry-Fire and Live-Fire Section IV. Night Fire 7-14. Unassisted Night Fire...

Modes Of Fire

M16a2 Exploded View

The M16A3 and M4A1 rifles function in either the semiautomatic or automatic mode. The M16A2, M16A4, and M4 carbine function in either the semiautomatic or three-round burst mode. a. Semiautomatic Fire Mode M16- M4-series . The disconnector is a mechanism installed so the firer can fire single rounds. It is attached to the trigger and rotated forward by action of the disconnector spring. When the recoil of the bolt carrier cocks the hammer, the disconnector engages the lower hook of the hammer...

Squad Designated Marksman Skills Progression

The skills progression program for the SDM is based on the M16- M4-series weapons systems and 100 rounds per man ammunition requirement. The program will assess the soldier's ability to apply the fundamentals of marksmanship and train and assess the soldier in several key areas in which he must be proficient to successfully perform his mission. These areas include basic ballistics, mechanical elevation and windage adjustments, elevation and windage hold-off adjusted aiming points , and range...

Figure A Mobile mounting stand

Est Qualification For

Diagnosis of firing problems is the main purpose of the Weaponeer. The following seven-step program is recommended as a guide. Depending on the extent of the firer's problems and time constraints, the number of shots may be increased. Tell the soldier to assume a good firing position, aim at a target, and hold steady supported and prone unsupported positions . Visually check the firer's firing position and correct any gross errors. Observe the video screen. If...

Training Strategy

Abn Machine Gun Repeating Weapons

Training strategy is the overall concept for integrating resources into a program to train the individual and collective skills needed to perform a unit's wartime mission. Training strategies for basic rifle marksmanship are implemented in TRADOC institutions IET, Noncommissioned Officers Education System NCOES , Infantry Officer Basic Course IOBC and in units. The overall training strategy is multifaceted and includes supporting strategies that use resources such as publications, ranges,...

Singlelead Rule For Moving Targets

Moving Rifle Targets

For the firer to apply precise lead rules he must accurately estimate speed, angle, and range to the target during the enemy soldier's brief exposure. The single-lead rule place the trailing edge of the front sight post at target center places effective fire on most high-priority combat targets. At 100 meters, the rule begins to break down for targets moving at slight and large angles. a. Lead Requirements. To effectively engage moving targets on the battlefield, soldiers must understand lead...

Figure Zeroing procedures

M16a1 Wound

The purpose of battlesight zeroing is to align the sights with the weapon's barrel given standard issue ammunition. When this is accomplished correctly, the point of aim and point of impact are the same at a given range such as 250 meters for the M16A1 and 300 meters for the M16A2 A3 A4 and M4-series weapons. This sight setting provides the highest hit probability for most combat targets with minimum adjustment to the aiming point. 1 When standard zeroing procedures are followed, a properly...

Standing Firing Position

Marksmanship Images

To assume the standing firing position, the soldier faces his target, executes a facing movement to his firing side, and spreads his feet a comfortable distance apart Figure 7-4 . With his firing hand on the pistol grip and his nonfiring hand on either the upper handguard or the bottom of the magazine, the soldier places the butt of the rifle in the pocket formed by his firing shoulder so the sights are level with his eyes. The weight of the rifle is supported by the firing shoulder pocket and...

Figure NBC fire training program

M16a1 Rifle Characteristics

Firing weapons is only part of overall NBC training. Soldiers must first be familiar with NBC equipment, its use, and proper wear before they progress to learning the techniques of MOPP firing. Trainers must consider the impact of MOPP equipment hood or mask, gloves, overgarments on the soldier's ability to properly apply the fundamentals of marksmanship and combat firing skills. a. Operation and Function Modification. Handling the rifle, performing operation and function checks, loading and...

Peer Coaching

Hft Prone Position

Peer coaching is using two soldiers of equal firing proficiency and experience to assist coach each other during marksmanship training. Some problems exist with peer coaching. If the new soldier does not have adequate guidance, a blind-leading-the-blind situation results, which can lead to negative training and safety violations. However, when adequate instruction is provided, peer coaching can be helpful even in the IET environment. Since all soldiers in units have completed BRM, peer coaching...

Mechanical Training

This training program Figure 4-1 introduces the soldiers to BRM and teaches them how to maintain, operate, and correct malfunctions on an M16- M4-series weapon. It also teaches peer coaching responsibilities and sight manipulation while emphasizing safety. Introduction to Basic Rifle Marksmanship and Mechanical Training Period 1 4 hours Instructional Intent Introduce the soldiers to BRM and teach them how to maintain, operate and correct malfunctions on a M16- M4-series weapon. Teach peer...

Phase I Basic Rifle Marksmanship BRM Preliminary Rifle Instruction PRI

Introduction to BRM and mechanical training 4 hours Disassembly and assembly Identify parts Function check Load unload magazine Ammunition types and care Load unload weapon Correct malfunctions SPORTS Adjust front and rear sights Eight cycles of function and trouble shooting Marksmanship Fundamentals I 6 hours The four fundamentals Basic firing positions Range and safety procedures Dominant eye training Demonstrate the integrated act of shooting during dry fire exercises Marksmanship...

Figure A M sighting device

M16a1 Rifle

5 Blank Firing Attachment BFA , M15A2 M23. The BFA Figure A-4 attaches to the muzzle of the M16- M4-series weapons. It is designed to keep sufficient gas in the barrel of the weapon to allow semiautomatic, automatic, or burst firing with blank ammunition M200 only . After firing 50 rounds, the attachment should be checked for a tight fit. Continuous blank firing results in a carbon buildup in the bore, gas tube, and carrier key. When this occurs, the cleaning procedures in TM 9-1005-249-10 or...

Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction

As with all other forms of marksmanship training, PMI must be conducted to establish a firm foundation on which to build. Soldiers must be taught, and must understand, the fundamentals of SRM described in paragraph 7-23. Blank fire drills are conducted to ensure a complete and through understanding of the fundamentals as well as to provide the trainers with valuable feedback as to the level of proficiency of each soldier. It is important during this training to emphasize basic force protection...

Marking Targets

A soldier observes two enemy riflemen moving into completely concealed positions, one behind a bush and the other into a depression. By selecting a point of aim on the bush, the soldier should hit the enemy rifleman even though he can't see him. If the target cannot be engaged the aiming point also allows for quick and accurate engagement once a target is re-exposed. The enemy rifleman who moved into the depression provides no distinguishable aiming point. The soldier must then select a nearby...

Figure A Engagement skills trainer

The EST 2000 matches leading edge technology with user requirements and is designed to meet the small-arms training requirements by providing a realistic training environment, targets, weapons effects, and challenging scenarios. b. Authorization. The EST 2000 is an Infantry School and TRADOC approved TADSS supported by PEO-STRI formerly STRICOM and has a life cycle support sustainment plan. c. Funding. The EST 2000 is a centrally-funded training simulator supported by the...

Conduct Of Shortrange Marksmanship Training

Short-range marksmanship requires individual infantrymen to be trained to standard in reflexive firing, target discrimination, and on all necessary BRM fundamentals prior to semi-annual qualification. An explanation of the base level proficiency requirements is provided with each course of fire. As a minimum, infantrymen should be qualified on their individual weapon within the previous six months. Shotgun and automatic firing is required for annual familiarization only. Reflexive MILES...

Table A Equipment data

Shotgun Recoil Comparison Table

Figure A-11 shows the Weaponeer in the standing supported firing position. The rifle, with the exception of smoke and cartridge ejection, operates normally, and has the same weight and balance as the standard weapon. An infrared aiming sensor simulates round trajectory and hit point to an accuracy of better than one-minute-of-angle. The recoil rod that attaches at the muzzle end of the rifle simulates recoil. Recoil is provided in both semiautomatic and automatic modes of fire,...

Figure ANPVS on the MAseries weapons

Rifle Marksmanship

M4 M4-MWS-Series Weapons Figure 2-39 . The Picatinny rail grabber with a mounting adapter 1 on the bottom of the AN PVS-4 is aligned with a notch on the integrated rail 2 of the M4 M4-MWS-series weapons ensuring the AN PVS-4 is positioned to accommodate an effective firing position once the eyecup is depressed. The AN PVS-4 will not retain zero if the rail grabber extends beyond the end of the integrated rail when mounted. Tighten the torque-limiting knob clockwise until it clicks twice....

The Four Fundamentals

Basic Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

The soldier must understand and apply the four key fundamentals before he approaches the firing line. He must establish a steady position allowing observation of the target. He must aim the rifle at the target by aligning the sight system, and fire the rifle without disturbing this alignment by improper breathing or during trigger squeeze. These skills are known collectively as the four fundamentals. Applying these four fundamentals rapidly and consistently is the integrated act of firing. a....

Modified Supported Firing Position

M16a1 Naming The Parts

Once the basic firing skills have been mastered during initial training, the soldier should be encouraged to modify positions, to take advantage of available cover, to use anything that helps to steady the rifle, or to make any change that allows him to hit more combat targets. The modified prone firing position uses sandbags to support the handguard and frees the nonfiling hand to be used on any part of the rifle to hold it steady Figure 7-5 . Figure 7-5. Modified supported firing position....

Advanced Optics Lasers And Iron Sights Phase V of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Basic rifle marksmanship taught effective engagement of the enemy with the basic rifle or carbine using iron sights to engage targets primarily during the day. Advanced rifle marksmanship added other marksmanship situations that a combat soldier may encounter. This chapter discusses how to enhance marksmanship skills, with proper training, using the Army's newest optics and lasers to ensure the soldier can fight as well at night as he can during the day. 8-1. TRAINING STRATEGIES AND...

Section I Advanced Firing Positions

After mastering the four marksmanship fundamentals in the two basic firing positions, the next step is to master the four fundamentals while firing from a variety of advanced firing positions. The following paragraphs demonstrate the most common firing positions a soldier may be required to fire from. The firer's position may change but the application of the remaining three fundamentals applied from a stable position never changes. Ultimately, any firing position that aids the firer in...

Section Vi Shortrange Marksmanship Training

Short-range marksmanship SRM training provides the individual soldier with the ability to quickly and effectively engage targets at ranges less than 50 meters. A soldier's ability to successfully identify, discriminate, and engage targets during short-range combat SRC is essential for soldier survival and mission accomplishment. Although normally associated with UO, SRM techniques are also used during operations in restrictive terrain such as clearing a trench line, the final assault across an...

Figure A The MA aiming card NSN

Firearms Prone

The Riddle sighting device Figure A-2 indicates if the soldier understands the aiming process while using the rifle. It is a small plastic plate with a magnet and a drawing of an E-type silhouette target. A two-man team is required for its use. The soldier assumes a supported or prone firing position. The assistant places the Riddle device on the front sight assembly and adjusts the plastic plate at the direction of the firer until he reports the proper sight picture....

Figure Suppressive fire training program

M16a1 Rifle

Many soldiers have difficulty delivering effective suppressive fire when they cannot see a definite target. They must fire at likely locations or in a general area where the enemy is known to exist. Even though definite targets cannot be seen, most suppressive fire should be well aimed. Figure 7-13 shows a landscape target suitable for suppressive fire training. When this type of target is used, trainers must develop a firing program to include areas of engagement and...

Alternate Prone Firing Position

This position is an alternative to both prone supported and unsupported firing positions Figure 7-1 . The firer can assume a comfortable position while maintaining the same relationship between his body and the axis of the rifle. This position relaxes the stomach muscles and allows the firer to breathe naturally. Figure 7-1. Alternate prone firing position. Figure 7-1. Alternate prone firing position.

M Closecombat Optic

Meter Zero Target

The M68, close-combat optic CCO is a reflex nontelescopic sight Figure 2-23 . It uses a red dot aiming point and is designed for the two-eyes-open method of sighting. The M68 can be shot with one eye open as well. The dot follows the horizontal and vertical movement of the gunner's eye while remaining fixed on the target. A one-time retightening of the torque-limiting knob is recommended after the first three rounds are fired to fully seat the M68. No centering or focusing is required beyond 50...

Malfunctions

M16a1 Malfunction

Malfunctions are caused by procedural or mechanical failures of the rifle, magazine, or ammunition. Pre-firing checks and serviceability inspections identify potential problems before they become malfunctions. This paragraph describes the primary categories of malfunctions. a. Failure to Feed, Chamber, or Lock. A malfunction can occur when loading the rifle or during the cycle of operation. Once the magazine has been loaded into the rifle, the forward movement of the bolt carrier group could...

Figure Backup iron sight

Rifle Marksmanship

Once installed and zeroed, the BIS should be left in the stowed position for best durability and minimal interference unless its use is eminent Figure 2-22 . It provides a sighting capability when all other accessories have been removed, and it can be used to establish approximate zeros for other sighting components without requiring live fire. Zeros established using this method are only effective to approximately 20 meters and should be refined by a live-fire zero. Figure 2-22. BIS in the...

Warning

Meter Bore Sight Targets

When firing the weapon at high rates of sustained fire the barrel and metal components of the RAS can become hot enough to inflict serious burns. Cover exposed metal portions of the rail with the plastic rail covers. Use the vertical pistol grip during heavy sustained fire. NOTES 1. Keep the bottom, left, and right unused rail sections covered with full-length 11 -rib rail cover heat shield sections. If any accessories are mounted on a rail, cover the remaining rail surface with an...

Figure A Weaponeer printouts

Meter Bore Sight Targets

In BRM, the Weaponeer is used to evaluate the firer's ability to apply the four fundamentals. It is used throughout the program to help diagnose and remediate problems. In the unit, the Weaponeer should be used much like it is used in BRM. Concurrent use of the Weaponeer at the rifle range provides valuable remedial training. 1 The preferred training configuration for the Weaponeer is shown in Figure A-14 on page A-18. One trainer operates the system while three to six...

Effects Of Wind And Gravity

M16 Front Sight And Silhouette

Marksmanship instructors-trainers should know how the effects of wind and gravity influence the flight of the bullet, and soldiers should know how to compensate for such bullet displacement. This instruction is appropriate for all marksmanship training and concurrent training. a. Effects of Gravity. Gases created by gunpowder push each round out the end of the barrel. The barrel must be elevated slightly to allow the round to travel farther, creating an arc. The round will travel straight until...

Anpaqbc Infrared Aiming Light

Paq Rail Grabber

The AN PAQ-4B C infrared aiming light Figure 2-27, page 2-18 projects an infrared laser beam that cannot be seen with the eye but can be seen with night vision devices. This aiming light works with the AN PVS-7-series goggles and the AN PVS-14. The AN PAQ-4B C mounts on various M16- M4-series weapons with mounting brackets or rail grabbers. Figure 2-27. AN PAQ-4B C infrared aiming light. Figure 2-27. AN PAQ-4B C infrared aiming light. a. M16A1 A2 A3 Rifle Figure 2-28 . The armorer must install...

Moving Target Techniques

Military Range Targets

The two primary techniques of engaging moving targets are tracking and trapping. a. Tracking is a more accurate technique of engaging targets by experienced firers. It involves establishing and maintaining an aiming point in relationship to the target and maintaining that sight picture moving with the target while squeezing the trigger. As the target moves, this technique puts the firer in position for a second shot if the first one misses. b. Trapping is the setting up of an aiming point...

Anpvs Night Vision Sight

Night Vision Operator Series Phono

The AN PVS-4 night vision sight is a portable, battery-operated electro-optical instrument used for observation and aimed fire of weapons at night Figure 2-37, page 2-24 . It amplifies reflected light, such as moonlight, starlight, and sky glow, so that the viewed scene becomes clearly visible to the operator. The AN PVS-4 does not emit visible or infrared light except from the eyepiece that can be detected by the enemy. It can be used on the M16A2 rifle, M4 carbine, and M4 modular weapon...

Ballistics

Internal Bullet Ballistics

Commanders and marksmanship trainers must understand some aspects of ballistics to teach the principles of zeroing and engagement of long-range targets. Ballistics is a science dealing with the motion and flight characteristics of projectiles. The study of ballistics in rifles is divided into three categories internal, external, and terminal. Internal ballistics concerns what happens to the bullet before it leaves the muzzle of the rifle. External ballistics deals with factors affecting the...

Firing Positions

Prone Firing Position

During preliminary marksmanship instruction only the basic firing positions are taught. The other positions are added later in training to support tactical conditions. The two firing positions used during initial training are the individual foxhole supported firing position and the basic prone unsupported firing position. Both offer a stable platform for firing the rifle. They are also the positions used during basic record fire. a. Individual Foxhole Supported Firing Position. This position...

Cycles Of Functioning

Rotary Bolt With Locking Lugs

The soldier must understand the rifle components and the mechanical sequence of events during the firing cycle. The eight cycles of functioning feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking, extracting, ejecting, and cocking begin after the loaded magazine has been inserted in the weapon. a. Feeding Figure 4-3, page 4-4 . As the bolt carrier group moves rearward, it engages the buffer assembly and compresses the action spring into the lower receiver extension. When the bolt carrier group...

Training Aids And Devices

Training aids and devices must be included in a marksmanship program. This chapter lists those available andprovides information on how to obtain them for marksmanship training. This paragraph provides the classification and nomenclature for training aids, devices, and targets. a. Classifications. Information on the classification of various training resources with a general description is listed in Table A-1. Charts handout cards, diagrams, posters, overhead transparencies, 35-mm slides, and...

Figure M mounted on the MAMseries weapons

M16A4 and M4-Series Weapons with M68 and AN PVS-14 Figure 2-26 . This combination is an effective passive means of engaging targets during hours of limited visibility. The brightness knob on the M68 should be on the lowest setting that presents the red dot clearly when viewed through the AN PVS-14. The soldier must consider the following factors The AN PVS-14 should be mounted where the firer can acquire a good sight picture while performing the integrated act of shooting. The M68 can be...

Borelight

Borelight Target

The borelight Figure 2-40 is an eye-safe laser that is used to zero aiming lasers, such as the AN PAQ-4 or AN PEQ-2, without a 25-meter confirmation. The borelight has four settings OFF the borelight is not in use GOGGLE when using NVGs this mode is selected when using the borelight in a tactical environment LOW used during normal operations and PULSE used during dry-fire training mode . The borelight will also boresight optics and iron sights to ensure the first shot group hits the 25-meter...

Table A Classification of resources

Training support centers TSCs are located throughout the world and are the POCs for training aids and devices. Each TSC provides training aid services to customers in their geographic area of support to include active Army units and schools, Reserve Components, and ROTC units. NOTE For more information concerning TSC operations, write Commander, United States Army Training Support Center, ATTN ATIC-DM, Fort Eustis, VA 23604. c. Training Devices and Exercises. Several...

Figure Anpaqbc or Anpeqa training program

Laser Boresight Target 25m For Peq

Two training strategies have been devised to adequately train soldiers in the use of the AN PAQ-4B C and AN PEQ-2A infrared aiming laser devices. The night initial training strategy is used for soldiers who have little or no previous experience with night vision goggles, or for units beginning a night-training program. The night sustainment training strategy is for soldiers who are familiar with night vision goggles, and for units that have already implemented a night-training...

Figure A Targetbox paddle DVCT

f The shot-group exercise provides a chance for the trainer to critique the soldier on his aiming procedures, aiming consistency, and placement of shot groups. Assuming the rifle and paper remain stationary and the target man properly marks the three shots, the only factor to cause separation of the dots on the paper is error in the soldier's aiming procedure. When the soldier can consistently direct the target into alignment with the sights on this exercise, he should be able to aim at the...

Anpeqa Target Pointerilluminatoraiming Light

Peq Bore Light Target

The AN PEQ-2A target pointer illuminator aiming light TPIAL Figure 2-30, page 2-20 is a Class Illb laser that emits a highly collimated beam of infrared light for precise aiming of the weapon as well as a separate infrared illumination beam with adjustable focus to illuminate shadowed areas. The AN PEQ-2A can be used during force-on-force training in the low power modes only. High power modes can only be used on live-fire ranges exceeding 220 meters. The AN PEQ-2A is used in conjunction with...

Phase I Reflexive Fire Training

Reflexive Fire Target

Reflexive fire training provides the fundamental skills required to conduct short-range marksmanship. It involves the practical application of all four of the fundamentals of SRM. All soldiers must receive a go on the task Conduct Reflexive Firing, before proceeding with training. Reflexive firing should be conducted as refresher training as often as possible to insure that soldier's skills are always at the highest possible level. This is a perishable skill that must be constantly reinforced....

Figure Unit marksmanship sustainment strategy Training Phases

The procedures and techniques for implementing the Army rifle marksmanship training program are based on all soldiers understanding common firing principles, being proficient marksmen, and being confident in applying their firing skills in combat. This depends on understanding the rifle and applying marksmanship fundamentals. Unit leaders accomplish proficiency through supervised practice by qualified instructors trainers and thorough objective performance assessments. During preliminary rifle...

Rail Adapter System

M16a1 Naming The Parts

The M4 rail adapter system RAS Figure 2-14 consists of a set of lightweight sections that replace the standard handguards on the M4 carbine. The M5 RAS is standard issue on the M16A4. The RAS provides a secure mounting point for various accessories that may be mounted top, left and right. The user may only remove the lower assembly to perform preventive maintenance checks and services PMCS . Accessories may be mounted on the right side of the RAS but, currently, are not supported with 10- and...

Kneeling Unsupported Firing Position

Kneeling Firing Position

This position is assumed quickly, places the soldier high enough to see over small brush, and provides a stable firing position Figure 7-3 . The nonfiling elbow should be pushed forward of the knee so the upper arm is resting on a flat portion of the knee to provide stability. The trailing foot should be placed in a comfortable position. Figure 7-3. Kneeling unsupported firing position. Figure 7-3. Kneeling unsupported firing position.

Characteristics

Meter Zeroing Target M16a4

The M16- M4-series weapons are 5.56-mm, magazine-fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, shoulder-fired weapons. This section describes the general characteristics Table 2-1 and the components of the M16- M4-series weapons. Table 2-2 page 2-2 shows the characteristics of various accessories. Barrel rifling-right hand 1 twist inches Cyclic rate of fire rounds per minute Burst 3-round bursts rounds per minute Table 2-1. Characteristics of the M16- M4-series weapons. Table 2-1. Characteristics of the M16-...

Figure A Weaponeer set up in the standing supported position

Weaponeer Marksmanship Trainer

1 The Weaponeer range can be raised or lowered to accommodate all firing positions. The target assembly contains four targets a scaled 25-meter zero target and three pop-up targets are standard. E-type and F-type silhouettes at ranges from 75 meters can be used on the Weaponeer. Known-distance and various other types of targets can be used and be displayed in fixed or random sequences. Target exposure times may be set to unlimited or from 1 to 30 seconds. The fall-when-hit mode can be selected...

Figure Moving target engagement training program

The fundamentals needed to hit moving targets are similar to those needed to hit stationary targets. The main skill is to engage moving targets with the least changes to procedures. Soldiers in combat do not know if their next target will be stationary or moving, they must fire immediately at whatever target occurs. a. The fundamentals for engaging stationary targets steady position, aiming, breath control, and trigger squeeze are also used to engage moving targets. Considering the environment...

Figure meter boresight target and meter zero offset Ammunition Types And Characteristics

Bullet Drop Chart Meter Zero

This paragraph provides information on different types of standard military ammunition used in the M16- M4-series weapons Figure 2-42, page 2-28 . Use only authorized ammunition manufactured to U.S. and NATO specifications. Figures 2-43 through 2-47 pages 2-28 through 2-30 show ammunition trajectory data. a. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Ball, M193. The M193 cartridge is a center-fire cartridge with a 55-grain, gilded metal-jacketed, lead alloy core bullet. The M193 round is the standard cartridge for...

Figure M zeroed at meters M rezeroed at meters

M855 Bullet Drop Table

b If an M16A2 A4 rifle has been zeroed at 25 meters using M855 ammunition and M193 ammunition is fired without re-zeroing, then the difference in the impact of the round on target varies between ammunition as shown in Table 5-6 and Figure 5-36. Table 5-6. M855 zeroed at 25 meters M193 fired using M855 zero. Table 5-6. M855 zeroed at 25 meters M193 fired using M855 zero. - -Bullet Location M855 Bullet Location M193 Figure 5-36. M855 zeroed at 25 meters M193 fired using M855 zero. NOTE Both the...

Figure Grouping procedures

M16a1 Training Rifle

Shot grouping is a form of practice firing with two primary objectives firing tight shot groups and consistently placing those groups in the same location. Shot grouping should be conducted between dry-fire training and zeroing. The initial live-fire training should be a grouping exercise with the purpose of practicing and refining marksmanship fundamentals. Since this is not a zeroing exercise, few sight changes are made. Grouping exercises can be conducted anywhere...

Alternate Qualification Courses

Units should conduct rifle qualification on a standard record fire range. Convenience and comfort should not be the prime consideration when choosing a range. The KD alternate course is used by all components of the active Army, US Army Reserve, and Army National Guard when a standard record fire range is not available. The 25-meter alternate course is used when neither a standard record fire nor a KD range is available for rifle qualification. Units are permitted to use the 15-meter scaled...

Figure A Paper being placed on a stationary object

Army 250 Meter Target

e The silhouettes on the plastic paddle Figure A-9 are scaled to represent an E-type silhouette target at 250 meters. The visual perception during the target-box exercise is similar to what a soldier sees while zeroing on a standard zeroing target. The small E-type silhouette is the same scale at 15 yards as the larger silhouette is at the 25-meter range some training areas are set up at 15 yards others are set up at 25 meters . While there are some benefits to representing a 250-meter target,...

Table A Training aids and

Table A-3 lists the description and NSN to use when ordering marksmanship targets. Full length face with V through two scoring areas Repair center with V through two scoring areas Full length, pop-up, solid color plastic Full length face, cardboard, kneeling Short length face, solid color paper Short length, pop-up, solid color plastic 25-Meter Alternate Course Scaled Qualification target 50 to 300 meter scaled silhouette target 15-Meter Battlesight-Zero Target .22...

Anpas V Medium Thermal Weapon Sight and Anpas V Heavy Thermal Weapon Sight

Boresight Targets

The AN PAS-13 V2 medium thermal weapon sight MTWS and the AN PAS-13 V3 heavy thermal weapon sight HTWS Figure 2-34 are silent, lightweight, compact, and durable battery-powered infrared imaging sensors that operate with low battery consumption. Both the MTWS and the HTWS are referred to henceforth as a singular thermal weapon sight TWS . The TWS is capable of target acquisition under conditions of limited visibility such as darkness, smoke, fog, dust, and haze. The TWS operates effectively at...

M Carbine and MA Rifle Bullet Trajectory Comparison

Notes Trajectory

Bullet trajectory comparison. Figure 7-39. Bullet trajectory comparison. As the chart shows, the hold-off at 400 meters is about half the height of the standard E-type silhouette therefore, to hold-off at 400 meters you must aim half the height of the target over the target to hit it. The drop at 500 meters is considerably larger, so holding off will not be practical. The shooter will have to adjust his rear elevation knob to get the proper aim point for that distance. 2 Windage....

Figure A Targetbox exercise

Markmanship Target Box

a To conduct the exercise, the target man places the silhouette anywhere on the plain sheet of paper and moves the silhouette target as directed by the firer. The two positions separated by 15 yards or 25 meters must have already been established so the rifle is pointed at some place on the paper. When the firer establishes proper aiming, he signals the target man to Mark. Only hand signals are used since voice commands would be impractical when training several pairs of soldiers at one time....

Figure Example of a start point half turn and reference point

8 Turn the borelight on and spin it until it is in the start point position. Place the zeroing mark approximately 10 meters from the end of the barrel so that the visible laser strikes the zeroing mark. 9 Slowly rotate the borelight 180 degrees while watching the visible laser made by the borelight. If the visible laser stops on the zeroing mark, the borelight is zeroed to the weapon. 10 If the borelight does not stop on the zeroing mark, elevation and windage adjustments must be made to the...

Fundamentals Of Shortrange Marksmanship

Low Ready Position Sniper

During SRC, there is little or no margin for error. Too slow a shot at the enemy, too fast a shot at a noncombatant, or inaccurate shots can all be disastrous for the soldier. There are four fundamentals proper weapon ready positions and firing stance, aiming technique, aim point, and trigger manipulation. Mastery of these fundamentals is key to the soldier's ability to survive and accomplish his mission in close quarters. All SRC- and SRM-related training should begin with a review of the...

Figure A Riddle sighting device

Riddle Sighting Device

The M16 sighting device Figure A-3, page A-4 is made of metal with a tinted square of glass placed at an angle. a When the device is attached to the rear of the M16A1 carrying handle, an observer can look through the sight to see what the firer sees. The M16 sighting device can be mounted on the M16A2 rifle. The charging handle must be pulled to the rear first. Then, the M16 sighting device is mounted on the rear of the carrying handle, and the charging handle is...

Rail Grabbers And Miles Training Extender

Zeroing Mechanism For Laser With Gun

The Insight rail grabber Figure 2-18 and the Picatinny rail grabber Figure 2-20, page 2-14 were designed to mount accessories onto the M16A4 and M4-series weapons. Each rail grabber has proven its ability to retain zero when installed and tightened properly. Both rail grabbers attach accessories on the upper receiver and on all four sides of the RAS. Once zeroed the rail grabbers can be removed from the weapon and will retain zero as long as the rail grabber is not separated from the accessory...

Figure Downrange feedback

How Make Air Assisted Pop Targets

Concept of a Known-Distance Range. A KD range has three primary objectives fire tight shot groups at a known distance, make sight adjustments at range not an objective for IET soldiers while experiencing the effects of wind and gravity, and marksmanship testing. LOMAH, LMTS, EST, Weaponeer and MACS are training aids discussed in Appendix A that may be used to supplement or substitute this live-fire exercise. The firing task on a KD range is an intermediate step toward the firing task of a...