Advanced Optics Lasers And Iron Sights Phase V of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Basic rifle marksmanship taught effective engagement of the enemy with the basic rifle or carbine using iron sights to engage targets primarily during the day. Advanced rifle marksmanship added other marksmanship situations that a combat soldier may encounter. This chapter discusses how to enhance marksmanship skills, with proper training, using the Army's newest optics and lasers to ensure the soldier can fight as well at night as he can during the day.

8-1. TRAINING STRATEGIES AND QUALIFICATION STANDARDS

An established day and night advanced marksmanship program equipped with training strategies and proposed qualification standards has been developed.

a. Before beginning a night marksmanship program, soldiers must qualify on their assigned weapons during daylight conditions as outlined in the previous chapters of this manual. This chapter implements new night qualification standards to compliment current Army training strategies.

b. Commanders should follow these training strategies and abide by the qualification standards set forth to the best of their abilities. Although some courses of fire may seem redundant or inappropriate, numerous tests show that these training strategies work and the qualification standards are achievable if the strategy is followed.

8-2. BORELIGHT

The borelight is an accurate means of zeroing weapons and most aided-vision equipment without the use of ammunition. Time and effort must be applied to ensure a precise boresight, which will in turn save time and ammunition. Table 8-1 outlines weapon and aided-vision device combinations that can be zeroed using the borelight with the M16/M4-series weapons. (Figure 8-1 shows the current borelight training program.)

M16A2

M4/MWS

Iron sight can be boresighted

X

AN/PAQ-4B/C

X

X

AN/PEQ-2A

X

X

AN/PAS-13

X

X

M68 CCO

X

X

Table 8-1. Weapon and aided-vision device combinations.

Table 8-1. Weapon and aided-vision device combinations.

NOTE: The precise boresighting of a laser will allow direct engagement of targets without a 25-meter zero. If a borelight is not available, a 25-meter zero must be done to zero the device. All optics will be 25-meter zeroed; a borelight only aides in zeroing.

Instructional Intent:

Align the bore of the weapon to the optic, laser or iron sight being fired to reduce or eliminate the time and ammunition it currently requires to live fire zero. Special Instructions: Zero the borelight.

Use only approved 10-meter boresight targets from Picatinny Arsenal (noted on offset). Ensure you use the proper 10-meter boresight target for weapon configuration. Ensure boresighting is conducted 10 meters from the end of the barrel. Ensure weapon and target is stabilized or the boresight will not be accurate. Ensure filters for aiming lasers are installed to reduce blooming. Observables:

Confirm that the borelight spins on itself when zeroed at 10 meters. Weapon configuration is boresighted using the official and proper targets only. Confirm the target and weapon is not moving during the boresighting procedure. Confirm that the borelight is centered on the circle on the target.

Confirm that the aiming device is aiming at the center of the crosshair on the offset._

Figure 8-1. Borelight training program.

DANGERS

1.

DO NOT STARE INTO THE VISIBLE

LASER

BEAM.

2.

DO NOT LOOK INTO THE VISIBLE

LASER

BEAM THROUGH BINOCULARS

OR

TELESCOPES.

3.

DO NOT POINT THE VISIBLE LASER BEAM AT

MIRROR-LIKE SURFACES.

4.

DO NOT SHINE THE VISIBLE LASER

BEAM

INTO OTHER INDIVIDUALS' EYES.

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