The field-fire ranges consist of F-type silhouettes at 75 meters and E-type silhouettes at 175 and 300 meters.
a. The field-fire range is fired from the supported firing position and the prone unsupported firing position. Initial training starts with single exposed targets and increased time for target exposures (Field Fire I). As soldiers become proficient, multiple target engagements are introduced with shorter exposure times (Field Fire II).
NOTE: There are two types of electronic pop-up targets used on a field-fire range: those that rise from the back to the upright position and those that rise from the side to the upright position. When using targets that rise from the side, soldiers should be instructed to wait until the target is fully raised before engaging the target. If the target is engaged as it is rising, the computer will not register it as a hit even though the target may fall.
b. Soldiers who miss most targets should be removed from the firing line for remedial training if their problem cannot be corrected. A soldier who fires at a 300-meter target 10 times and misses it 10 times is obviously not learning but, instead, is losing confidence in his ability. The typical soldier should hit the 300-meter target at least 7 out of 10 times.
c. Peer coaches should assist soldiers in observing the strike of rounds and identifying firing problems. If the target is missed and the coach cannot observe the bullet strike, the coach should instruct the soldier to aim lower for the next shot, expecting to see the strike of the bullet in the ground. With this information, the coach can instruct the soldier where to aim to hit the target.
d. Live-fire training can be organized in several ways. A unit is divided into two or more firing orders based on the number of personnel to be trained. The first order is the firer, the second order is the coach and (if required) the third order is the scorer. At the conclusion of each exercise, positions rotate until all orders have fired. Standard field-fire scenarios have been developed to provide several target exposures. Although they are recommended for initial entry training, local commanders can develop any variety of more challenging target sequences. Ammunition is allocated based on one round for each target.
e. During live fire, the soldier's hit-and-miss performance is recorded to facilitate the instructor-trainer's critiques or to indicate where more training is needed. The recorded performance is also used to determine which soldiers require closer supervision or remedial training. Two methods used to record firing performance are manually marked scorecards and automated computer printouts.
(1) Manual Recording. When manual recording is used, the unit provides soldiers for recording information on either DA Form 3601-R (Single Target Field Firing Scorecard)
or DA Form 5241-R (Single and Multiple Targets Field Firing Scorecard). (See Appendix B for blank reproducible copies of these forms).
(2) Automated Recording. When firing exercises are conducted using the family of automated field-fire ranges, a computer printout is provided for each firing order. At the conclusion of each firing order, the range NCOIC completes the printout and ensures the soldier identification is matched with each firing point. He adds the soldier's name or roster number to the top of each lane/firing point data column. Based on a one-round allocation for each target exposure, data should be collected on hits, misses, no-fires, and repeated shots to assist the instructor-trainer in assessing firing proficiency.
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