g. Diagnosis of Firing Problems. Diagnosis of firing problems is the main purpose of the Weaponeer. The following seven-step program is recommended as a guide. Depending on the extent of the firer's problems and time constraints, the number of shots may be increased.
Tell the soldier to assume a good firing position, aim at a target, and hold steady (supported and prone unsupported positions). Visually check the firer's firing position and correct any gross errors. Observe the video screen. If there is no aiming dot on the video screen or if the aiming dot is far from target center, teach sight picture to the firer. If excessive movement is shown by the light dot, check and correct the techniques of the steady position and natural point of aim. Tell the soldier to fire a three-round shot group aimed at the target's center of mass. Watch the video screen and soldier as he fires. Note violations of the four fundamentals.
Replay each shot to show the firer his aim, steadiness, and trigger squeeze. In Figure A-12, on page A-16, the target on the right shows a numbered series of 16 shots. Dots 1 through 4 indicate that the firer approached the target from high right. Dots 5 through 15 show that he is aiming near the center of the target but does not have a steady position. The sudden shift from dot 15 to 16 (dot 16 is the hit point of the shot) indicates that gun-shyness or improper trigger squeeze caused the firer to pull his aiming point down and to the right just before firing. Replay helps the firer understand and correct his firing errors. Confirm and refine the diagnosis by allowing the soldier to fire additional three-round shot groups. Use replay to show the firer his firing faults.
STEP 7. Summarize and record the soldier's basic firing problems. These seven steps are designed to diagnose and show the soldier his firing errors. This could be enough to correct the error. Diagnosis needs to be followed up with remedial exercises either with the Weaponeer, target-box exercise, or dime washer exercise.
h. Unit Sustainment Training. Sustainment training and prequalification refresher training can be conducted with the Weaponeer, depending on availability.
(1) Direct the soldier to zero the Weaponeer rifle (sandbag supported position). Emphasize tight, consistently placed shot groups. Starting with the closest target and working out to the most distant, direct the soldier to practice slow precision fire at each target (supported and prone unsupported positions).
(2) Direct the soldier to slow fire at random pop-up targets (both firing positions). Emphasize speed and precision. Direct him to slow fire at random pop-up targets with short exposure times (both firing positions).
OPTION: Direct the soldier to practice windage hold-off, rapid magazine change, and immediate action (both firing positions).
OPTION: Direct the soldier to practice night fire, automatic or burst fire, and gasmask fire.
i. Assessment of Skills. The Weaponeer can aid in the objective assessment of basic marksmanship. Periodic Weaponeer diagnosis should be conducted and recorded. Each soldier fires until zeroed on the Weaponeer. If unable to zero in 9 to 15 rounds, he should be withdrawn from testing and given remedial training. The soldier fires a surrogate record-fire scenario according to the following:
(1) Scenario of Target Presentation. Presentation of the targets is controlled by the operator who uses the target buttons.
(2) Order of Target Presentation. The scaled 100-meter and 250-meter targets (or 75 meters, 175 meters, and 300 meters) are presented in a mixed order according to a planned schedule.
(3) Ratio of Target Presentation. Targets are presented in a ratio of three 250-meter targets to one 100-meter target (or three 300-meter, two 175-meter to one 75-meter). A 64-target scenario consisting of two 32-target scenarios (the first engaged from the supported position; the second from the prone unsupported position) is conducted with a short break between.
(4) Target Exposure Time. Exposure time is four seconds for the scaled 250-meter targets (or 175 meters) and two seconds for the scaled 100-meter target (or 75 meters).
(5) IntertargetInterval. The time between target exposures should be varied from one to eight seconds.
(6) Target Mode. The kill mode is used so targets fall when hit. A score of 41 hits out of the 64 targets indicates soldiers can proceed to actual record fire. Soldiers who score lower than 41 should receive remedial training.
The engagement skills trainer (EST) 2000 supports realistic and comprehensive "gated" rifle marksmanship instruction, identifies soldiers needs by requiring them to satisfy gate requirements in order to progress, and, when needed, facilitates remedial training prior to qualification. The EST 2000 (Figure A-18) is designed to be used primarily as a unit/institutional, indoor, multipurpose, multilane, small-arms, crew-served, and individual antitank training simulator to—
• Train and evaluate individual marksmanship training for initial entry soldiers (BCT/OSUT).
• Provide Active and Reserve Component unit sustainment training in preparation for qualification on individual and crew small arms live-fire weapons.
• Provide unit collective tactical training for static dismounted infantry, scout, engineer, military police squads, and combat support/combat service support (CS/CSS) elements.
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