Figure Anpaqbc or Anpeqa training program

a. Concept. Two training strategies have been devised to adequately train soldiers in the use of the AN/PAQ-4B/C and AN/PEQ-2A infrared aiming laser devices. The night initial training strategy is used for soldiers who have little or no previous experience with night vision goggles, or for units beginning a night-training program. The night sustainment training strategy is for soldiers who are familiar with night vision goggles, and for units that have already implemented a night-training program. However units should always review the night initial training strategy prior to sustainment training.

b. Conduct of Training. AN/PAQ-4B/C and AN/PEQ-2A equipment training should familiarize the soldier with the proper operation and characteristics of the AN/PAQ-4B/C and the AN/PEQ-2A in accordance with the TM to include:

(1) Modified Fundamentals. Although the same four fundamentals of marksmanship are used for night firing, adjustments must be made to accommodate the night vision devices.

(a) Steady Position. The firer's natural tendency is to attempt to acquire a good cheek-to-stock weld position and align the iron sights. The gunner must realize that a good cheek-to-stock weld is not possible with NVGs mounted on his head. The firer should ensure that the butt of the weapon is firmly pulled into the pocket of the shoulder to prevent the laser from wobbling. When the soldier is ready to fire, the elbows are firmly planted on the ground to prevent the laser from wobbling excessively.

(b) Aim. The gunner must practice raising his head just enough to clear the weapon with his NVGs and acquire a good sight picture by walking the laser onto the target and then aiming at center mass.

(c) Breath Control. This fundamental is not modified for night firing conditions.

(d) Trigger Squeeze. The objective is to not disrupt alignment of the laser with the target by jerking the trigger.

(2) 25-Meter Zero Procedures. If the borelight is not available, a 25-meter zero must be conducted (Figure 8-11). (a) AN/PAQ-4B/C.

• Same standards as with iron sights.

• Set the adjusters to their zero preset position (refer to TM 11-5855-301-12&P).

• Prepare 25-meter zero target by cutting a 3x3-centimeter square out of the center of the silhouette.

• Elevation adjustment screw—one click at 25 meters = 1 centimeter (clockwise = up).

• Windage adjustment screw-one click at 25 meters = 1 centimeter (clockwise = left).

• Retighten rail grabber after the first three rounds are fired.

NOTE: When cutting the 3-centimeter square out of the target, some of the strike zone may be cut out. Care must be taken when annotating the impact of the rounds. When the weapon is close to being zeroed, some of the shots may be lost through the hole in the target.

Laser Boresight Target 25m For Peq
Figure 8-11. Example of shot group adjustment with strike zone.

• Same standards as with iron sights.

• Set the adjusters to their zero preset position (refer to TM 11-5855-308-12&P).

• Prepare the 25-meter zero target by cutting out a 3x3-centimeter square in the center of the target and E-type silhouette.

• Turn the aiming beam on in the low power setting (AIM LO). Install aim point filter to eliminate excessive blooming.

• The adjustments for the AN/PEQ-2A (top mounted) are as follows:

— Elevation adjustment screw—one click at 25 meters = one square (clockwise = up).

— Windage adjustment screw—one click at 25 meters = one square (clockwise = right).

• TARGET ILLUMINATOR.

— Elevation adjustment screw—one click at 25 meters = one square (clockwise = down).

— Windage adjustment screw—one click at 25 meters = one square (clockwise = right).

• Retighten rail grabber and AN/PEQ2A.

• Once the aiming beam is zeroed, rotate the selector knob to the DUAL LO, DUAL LO/HI or DUAL HI/HI mode to observe both aiming and illumination beams. Rotate the illumination beam adjusters to align the illumination beam with the aiming beam.

1 centimeter or 1 centimeter or

1 centimeter or 1 centimeter or

NOTES: 1. Failure to fully tighten the mounting brackets and AN/PEQ2A thumbscrew may cause zero retention problems. Confirm that equipment is tight prior to zeroing.

2. To retain zero, remove the TPIAL and rail grabber as a whole assembly and place back onto the same notch as removed.

(3) Target Detection. Soldiers should receive in-depth instruction on the proper use and fit of night vision goggles to include characteristics and capabilities, maintenance, and mounting procedures. Extensive testing has proven that the average soldier does not properly use the night vision devices. Unit leaders must be proficient in the train-the-trainer strategy. At night, soldiers should conduct a terrain walk to become more familiar and build confidence using the night vision goggles.

(a) Scanning for Targets. The night vision devices have a 40-degree field of view, which causes the average shooter to miss easy targets of opportunity. The soldier must be trained to aggressively scan his sector of fire for targets. The art of target detection at night is only as good as the soldier practices. Regular blinking during scanning relieves some of the eyestrain that the soldier tends to have trying to spot distant targets. Regular blinking must be reinforced during training. After the soldier has mastered the art of scanning he will find that targets are more easily detected by acknowledging the flicker or the movement of a target.

(b) IR Discipline. A soldier must be taught that what he can see downrange or on the battlefield through his NVGs, the enemy can also see. The soldier must train to activate his laser at the base of the target and engage the target as soon as the target is detected. After the target has been engaged, the laser is deactivated. When a soldier uses proper IR discipline while scanning for targets, he must keep his weapon oriented within his sector of fire. When the target is detected the soldier orients his weapon around the base of the target, activates his laser, and walks the laser to the center mass of the target for engagement.

(4) Field Fire. During the dry-fire exercise, soldiers acquire a sight picture on all exposed silhouette targets before conducting the field-fire scenario. This allows the soldier to focus on the targets at range.

• Conduct dry-fire exercise.

• Conduct in the same manner as field fire II.

• 36 rounds, 18 rounds supported firing position, 18 rounds prone unsupported firing position.

(5) Practice Qualification. The procedures for practice qualification are:

• Conduct dry-fire exercise.

• 20 rounds foxhole supported, 20 rounds unsupported.

• Engage targets from 50 to 250 meters.

(6) Record Qualification. The procedures for record qualification are:

• Conduct dry-fire exercise.

• 20 rounds foxhole supported, 20 rounds unsupported.

• Engage targets from 50 to 250 meters.

8-7. AN/PVS-4 NIGHT VISION DEVICE

The AN/PVS-4 night vision device is a portable, battery operated electro-optical instrument used for observation and aimed fire of weapons at night. It amplifies reflected light such as moonlight, starlight, and sky glow so that the viewed scene becomes clearly visible to the operator. It can be mounted on the M16A2 rifle, M4 carbine, M16A4 rifle, and M4 MWS. Mounting brackets are provided for each type of weapon. (Figure 8-12, page 8-22, shows the AN/PVS-4 training program.)

Instructional Intent:

Qualify with the AN/PVS-4 night vision device. Special Instructions:

Ensure soldiers are proficient with the AN/PVS-4.

Ensure that the spacer and Picatinny rail grabber are installed when mounting on MWS.

Ensure proper 10-meter boresight target is used during boresight procedures.

Ensure proper reticle is used.

Confirm 10-meter boresight with a 25 meter zero.

Observables:

The AN/PVS-4 is zeroed to the same standard as with the iron sight.

Soldier achieves same practice and qualification standards as done with day record fire.

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