A Temperature

32 (1) Extreme changes in temperature cause fluctuation in the rifle's chamber pressure. This

33 fluctuation is caused by changes in the propellant's temperature. In cold weather, as rifle chamber pressure decreases, the bullet exits the muzzle at a lower velocity, and the bullet impacts the target below the point of aim. In extreme heat, the rifle's chamber pressure increases causing the bullet to exit the muzzle at a higher velocity and impact the target above the point of aim. Hot air is less dense than cool air and provides less resistance to the bullet; this allows the bullet to travel faster and experience less deflection from the wind. Cold air is dense and provides the bullet with more resistance; this causes the bullet to travel slower and experience greater deflection from the wind. Once the rifle is zeroed, a change in temperature of 20 degrees or more can cause the bullet to strike above or below the point of aim. Therefore, if the temperature changes 20 degrees or more, a Marine should rezero the rifle.

(2) If the rifle is exposed to below freezing temperatures, it should not be brought immediately into a warm location. Condensation may form on and in the rifle, and it may freeze if re-exposed to the cold. Ice that forms inside the rifle may cause it to malfunction. Ice can form on the rear sight aperture due to condensation, making it impossible to acquire sight alignment.

b. Precipitation. Freezing rain and other types of precipitation may make the rifle difficult to handle, foul the rifle and cause stoppages, or build up in the barrel or compensator and cause erratic shots. The bullet veers off its trajectory if it strikes water droplets on its way out the barrel. Care should be taken to keep the barrel and muzzle free of water. If the rifle has been submerged, ensure the bore is drained before firing. To drain the bore, pull the charging handle slightly to the rear and hold for a few seconds while the muzzle points down. Once the barrel has been drained, turn the rifle muzzle up to allow the water to drain out of the stock.

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