There are many factors that affect the application of marksmanship in combat. The more common of these are:
a. Most targets are linear in nature and will consist of a number of men or objects irregularly spaced along covered or concealed areas.
b. Most targets can be detected by smoke, flash, dust, noise, or movement, but will only be visible for a brief moment before taking cover.
c. The nature of the target, irregularities of terrain and vegetation will generally require a rifleman to use a position other than prone in order to fire effectively on the target.
d. The time in which a target can be engaged is often fleeting.
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