d. Marksmanship Fundamentals. Engaging moving targets requires concentration and adherence to the fundamentals of marksmanship. The following modifications to the fundamentals of marksmanship are critical to the engagement of moving targets.
(1) Sight Picture. Typically, sight picture is the target's center of mass. If a Marine engages a moving target, he bases his sight picture on the target's range, speed, and angle of movement, i.e., sight alignment may be established on a point of aim in front of the target.
(2) Trigger Control. As with any target engagement, trigger control is critical to the execution of shots that do not disturb sight alignment or sight picture. A Marine can apply pressure on the trigger prior to establishing sight picture, but there should be no rearward movement of the trigger until sight picture is established. Interrupted trigger control is not recommended because the lead will be lost or have to be adjusted to reassume proper sight picture. When using the tracking method, continue tracking as trigger control is applied to ensure the shot does not impact behind the moving target.
(3) Follow-through. If a Marine uses the tracking method to engage moving targets, he continues to track the target during follow-through so the desired lead is maintained as the bullet exits the muzzle. Continuous tracking also enables a second shot to be fired on target if necessary.
(4) Stable Position. To engage moving targets using the tracking method, the rifle must be moved smoothly and steadily as the target moves. A stable position steadies the rifle sights while tracking. Additional rearward pressure may be applied to the pistol grip to help steady the rifle during tracking and trigger control. The elbows may be moved from the support so the target can be tracked smoothly.
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