Observation Position

23 (a) A good position is one that offers maximum visibility of the area while affording cover

24 and concealment. The optimal observation position should allow the Marine to scan all

25 the areas of observation and offer enough concealment to prevent his position from being

26 detected.

27 (b) The Marine should avoid positions that are obvious or stand out, such as a lone tree

28 in a field or a pile of rocks on a hill. These positions may be ideal points for easy

29 observation, but they will also make it easier for the enemy to locate the Marine.

30 (2) Methods for Searching an Area. In searching an area, the Marine will be looking for

31 target indicators. There are two techniques for searching an area: the hasty search and the

32 detailed search.

33 (a) Hasty Search. When a Marine moves into a new area, he must quickly check for

34 enemy activity which may pose an immediate danger. This search is known as the hasty

35 search and should take about 30 seconds.

1 • Quickly glance at various points throughout the area rather than sweeping the eyes

2 across the terrain in one continuous movement. Search the area nearest you first

3 since it poses the greatest potential for danger.

4 • This method of search is effective because it takes advantage of peripheral vision.

5 Peripheral vision enables you to detect any movement in a wide area around the

6 object being observed. For this technique to be effective, the eyes must be focused

7 briefly on specific points (i.e., areas that may provide cover or concealment for the

9 (b) Detailed Search. A detailed search is a systematic examination of a specific target

10 indicator or of the entire observation area.

11 • A detailed search should be conducted immediately on target indicators located

12 during the hasty search. The detailed search should be made from top to bottom

13 or side to side, observing the entire object in exact detail. If multiple indicators

14 were observed during the hasty search, the detailed search should begin with the

15 indicator that appears to pose the greatest threat.

16 • After a thorough search of target indicators, or if no indicators were located

17 during the hasty search, a detailed search should be made of the entire observation

18 area. The 50-meter overlapping strip method of search is used.

20 • Normally, the area nearest the observer offers the greatest potential danger and

21 should be searched first. Begin the search at one flank, systematically

22 searching the terrain at the front in 180 degree arcs, searching everything in

23 exacting detail, 50 meters in depth. See figure 10-1.

25 • After reaching the opposite flank, systematically cover the area between 40 and

26 90 meters from your position. The second search of the terrain includes about

27 10 meters of the area examined during the first search. This technique ensures

28 complete coverage of the area.

29 • Continue the overlapping strip search method for as far as you can see.

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