Reloading the Rifle

a. Principles of Reloading. The first priority when performing a reload is to get the rifle reloaded and back into action. The second priority when performing a reload is to retain the magazine so when you move, the magazine moves with you. When time permits, retain magazines securely on your person (e.g., in magazine pouch, flak jacket, cargo pocket). The combat situation may dictate dropping the magazine to the deck when performing a reload. This is acceptable as long as it is picked up before moving to another location.

• Take cover before reloading. Always reload before leaving cover to take advantage of the protection provided by cover.

• Every effort should be made not to reload on the move. When moving, your focus should be on moving.

• When reloading, your focus should be on reloading only. Do not focus on the enemy; focus instead on the magazine change.

• When reloading, draw the weapon in close to your body so you can see what you are doing and retain positive control of the magazine.

• When the new magazine is inserted, tug on it to ensure it is seated. Do not slam the magazine into the weapon hard enough to cause a round to partially pop out of the magazine. This action will cause a double feed and require remedial action.

• Retain your empty magazines. When there is a lull in the action, refill those magazines so they will be available for future use.

• During a lull in the action, replace your magazine when you know you are low on ammunition. This ensures a full magazine of ammunition in the rifle should action resume. Do not wait until the magazine is completely empty to replace it.

• If a reload in any position other than prone is required, use a magazine from the left magazine pouch. This leaves filled magazines on the right for reloading in the prone position.

b. Condition 1 Reload. A Condition 1 reload is performed when the weapon is in Condition 1 by replacing the magazine before it runs out of ammunition. To perform a Condition 1 reload, perform the following steps:

• Remove the partially filled magazine and retain it on your person, if time permits.

• Withdraw a filled magazine from the magazine pouch.

• Fully insert the filled magazine into the magazine well and tug downward on the magazine to ensure it is properly seated.

• Fasten the magazine pouch.

c. Dry Reload. A dry reload is required when the magazine in the weapon has been emptied and the bolt has locked to the rear. To perform a dry reload:

• Press the magazine release button.

• Remove the empty magazine and retain it on your person if time permits.

• Fully insert a filled magazine into the magazine well and tug downward on the magazine to ensure it is properly seated. Because the bolt is locked to the rear, the Marine must be careful not to jam the magazine into the weapon so hard as to cause a round to protrude from the magazine. This can cause a double feed and require remedial action.

• Release or press the bolt catch to allow the bolt carrier to move forward, and observe the round being chambered. This places the rifle in Condition 1.

3013. Remedial Action

If the rifle fails to fire, a Marine performs remedial action. Remedial action is investigating the cause of the stoppage, clearing the stoppage, and returning the weapon to operation.

a. Observe for Indicators. Once the rifle ceases firing, the Marine must visually or physically observe the weapon to identify the problem before he can clear it. The steps taken to clear the weapon are based on the following three indicators:

(1) Indicator - The bolt is forward or the ejection port cover is closed. See figure 3-12. To clear the weapon:

Figure 3-12. and Figure 3-12a. Bolt Forward or Ejection Port Cover Closed.

• Seek cover if the tactical situation permits.

• Rack - Pull the charging handle to the rear and release it.

(2) Indicator - The bolt is locked to the rear. See figure 3-13. To clear the weapon:

Figure 3-13. Bolt Locked to the Rear.

• Seek cover if the tactical situation permits.

(3) Indicator - Brass is obstructing the chamber area (usually indicating a double feed or failure to eject). See figure 3-14. To clear the weapon:

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