Techniques of Fire

The size and distance to the target should dictate the technique of fire.

a. Two-Shot Technique. In combat, an effective technique for eliminating a threat is to rapidly fire more than one shot on the target. Two shots fired in rapid succession will increase the trauma (i.e., shock, blood loss) on the target, increasing the Marine's chances of quickly eliminating the threat. Firing two shots enables the Marine to break out of the tunnel vision often associated with firing in combat and then assess the situation to determine follow-on action. To execute the two-shot technique, the Marine acquires sight picture for each shot fired (each pull of the trigger).

b. Single Shot Technique. If the target is at a long range or it is small (i.e., partially exposed), it can best be engaged with a single, precision shot. Stability of hold and sight alignment are more critical to accurate engagement of long-range or small targets. To engage a target with the single shot technique, the Marine must slow down the application of the fundamentals and place one well-aimed shot on target.

c. Sustained Rate of Fire. An effective method for delivering suppressive fire is to fire at the sustained rate of 12 to 15 rounds per minute. Management of recoil is critical to bring the sights back on target after shot is fired.

d. Three-Round Burst Technique. When set on burst, the design of the rifle permits three shots to be fired from a single trigger pull. The rounds fire as fast as the weapon will function and cause the muzzle to climb during recoil. The ability to manage recoil is extremely important when firing the rifle on burst. To achieve the desired effect (i.e., 3 rounds on target), the Marine must control the jump angle of the weapon to maintain the sights on target. At short ranges (i.e., 25 meters or less), firing on three-round burst can be an effective technique to place rounds on a man-sized target quickly to increase trauma on the target. To execute the three-round burst technique, the Marine places the selector lever on burst, aims center mass, and acquires sight picture once for the single trigger pull.

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