Improper Camouflage

There are three indicators caused by improper camouflage: shine, outline, and contrast with the background. Most targets on the battlefield are detected due to improper camouflage. However, many times an observation post or enemy firing position will blend almost perfectly with the natural background. Only through extremely careful, detailed searching will these positions be revealed.

Shine. Shine is created from reflective objects such as metal or glass. It may also come from pools of water and even the natural oils from the skin. Shine acts as a beacon to the target's position.

Outline. Most enemy soldiers will camouflage themselves, their equipment, and their positions. The outline of objects such as the body, head and shoulders, weapons, and web gear are recognizable even from a distance. The human eye will often pick up a recognizable shape and concentrate on it even if the object cannot be identified immediately. The reliability of this indicator depends upon visibility and the experience of the observer.

Contrast With the Background. Indicators in this category include objects that stand out against (contrast with) a background because of differences in color, surface, and shape. For instance, a target wearing a dark uniform would be clearly visible in an area of snow or sand. Geometric shapes, such as helmets or rifle barrels, can be easy to detect in a wooded area. Fresh soil around a fighting hole contrasts with the otherwise unbroken ground surface. While observing an area, take note of anything that looks out of place or unusual and study it in more detail. This will greatly increase your chances of spotting a hidden enemy.

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