Unit training program

Every unit commander, including those commanding combat service (CS) and combat service and support (CSS) units, should develop a program for shoulder-launched munition training. Some units have more than one type of shoulder-launched munition that requires sustainment training. The commander considers preparation and training for both collective and individual tasks. Trainers analyze their collective tasks and the individual tasks that support them. Individual tasks must be integrated...

Warning

Keep the weapon pointed downrange while returning the M141 BDM to carry mode. The M141 BDM will only be slung when in the carry configuration. If the weapon must be transported in the extended configuration, it should only be carried for a short distance, such as moving to a different firing position, and must be cradled in the gunner's arms with the weapon pointed toward the target (Figure 6-18). Figure 6-18. Carry positions. FM 3-23.25 Figure 6-18. Carry positions. FM 3-23.25 When possible,...

Methods of engagement

The four engagement methods include single, sequence, pair, and volley firing. The leader evaluates the situation on the ground to determine which of these methods to use. Regardless of whether they are used singly or in combination, communications are needed as well. The methods of engagement are rehearsed IAW unit SOP. 7-8. A single Soldier with one shoulder-launched munition may engage an armored vehicle, but this is not the preferred method of engagement. Several shoulder-launched...

Engagement of field fortifications and buildings

The M72-series LAW and the M136 AT4 have proven to have little effect against field fortifications and buildings. The M141 BDM was designed to better enhance the destruction of these fortifications. Its warhead contains a dual-mode fuze that automatically adjusts for the type of target on impact. For soft targets, such as sandbagged bunkers, the M141 BDM warhead automatically adjusts to delayed mode, hits the target with high kinetic energy this energy propels the warhead through the...

Instructional And Qualification Firing Tables And Example Scorecards

This appendix provides firing tables for the subcaliber gunnery trainers discussed in this manual. It also includes an example of a completed scorecard for the M136 AT4 and M72-series LAW. All instructional and qualification firing tables are conducted on suitable ranges with ammunition designated in the firing tables. Some tables are fired in daylight, others in limited visibility, but all tables have some CBRN firing (Table E-1). Table E-1. Firing tables for light antiarmor weapons. Table...

Caution

The M73 subcaliber rocket operates between -23 degrees and 60 degrees centigrade (-10 degrees and 140 degrees Fahrenheit). Fire it only within this temperature range. B-10. These are the same as for the M72A2 A3 LAW. B-11. These procedures are the same as for the M72-series LAW. The training device can be used against all solid stationary or moving targets. However, because the subcaliber rocket can penetrate 0.124 inches (0.315 centimeters) of steel plate or 8 inches (20.32 centimeters) of...

Integrated act of shooting

Correct sight alignment is critical, as sight alignment errors increase as the range to the target increases. Maintaining the correct relationship between the rear and front sights is as important as placing the aiming point. The steps for doing this should become automatic. No matter how quickly they are done, these steps are always distinct because the human eye can only focus at one distance and on one point at a time. The firer focuses on the front sight to obtain the correct sight...

Is The M141 Bdm Fin Stabilized

The M141 BDM is issued as a round of ammunition. It contains a nonadjustable propelling charge and a rocket. Every M141 BDM has an integral high-explosive, dual-mode warhead in the rocket's head. The fuze and adapter are in the rocket's closure section. The propellant, its igniter, and the fin assembly are in the rocket's motor (Figure 6-4, page 6-4). Figure 6-4. Dual-mode rocket components. Figure 6-4. Dual-mode rocket components. 6-8. The 83-mm high-explosive, dual-mode assault rocket...

Description

The M136 AT4 is a lightweight, self-contained, antiarmor weapon. It consists of a free-flight, fin-stabilized, rocket-type cartridge packed in an expendable, one-piece, fiberglass-wrapped tube (Figure 2-1). The M136 AT4 is man-portable and fired from the right shoulder only. The launcher is watertight for ease of transportation and storage. Though the M136 AT4 can be employed in limited visibility, the firer must be able to see and identify the target and estimate the range. Unlike the...

Misfire procedures

A misfire is a complete failure to fire caused by a procedural or mechanical failure. Choosing the proper misfire procedure depends on whether the firer is in a combat or training environment. Point misfired M136 AT4 launchers away from personnel and equipment, and notify EOD. Do not return misfired M136 AT4 launchers to the ASP. Disarm (uncock) the M136 AT4 launcher and insert the transport safety pin. If the transport safety pin cannot be reinserted or if the pin is missing, notify EOD....

Description improved m light antiarmor weapon

Wire Bound Box

The improved M72 light antiarmor weapon system is a compact, light weight, single shot, and disposable weapon with a family of warheads optimized to defeat lightly armored vehicles and other hard targets at close combat ranges Figure 5-3 . The improved M72 light antiarmor weapon systems offer significantly enhanced capability beyond that of the combat-proven M72A3. The improved M72 light antiarmor weapon system consists of a 66-mm unguided rocket prepackaged at the factory in a...

M at field handling trainer

The M136 AT4 FHT is an inert device made from an expended M136 AT4 tactical launcher. It simulates the weight, balance, characteristics, and operation of the launcher. The FHT is marked with either a gold or yellow 1-inch band between the front and rear sights, and with the word DUMMY in 1-inch letters on the side of the launch tube. The local TSC can convert expended launchers to training devices, but DOD Regulation 5100.76-M requires that these items be carefully controlled. The FHT is...

Defensive operations

Squad Sector Sketch

Whether or not other organic antiarmor weapons are available, shoulder-launched munitions are an asset in the squad and platoon defensive plan. Shoulder-launched munitions are employed with interlocking fires to provide mutual support. Dispersion allows leaders the flexibility to place flank, rear, and oblique fires on targets. This procedure increases the survivability of the firers as well as the probability of achieving kills. Leaders must select positions that avoid fratricide from...

M law subcaliber training device

The M190 subcaliber launcher Figure B-1 is made by adding an M190 subcaliber conversion kit NSN 1340-00-420-7999 Figure B-2, page B-2 to an expended M72A2 LAW launcher. It is used to fire the M73 subcaliber 35-mm rocket. This 35-mm rocket is shorter and lighter than the LAW's 66-mm tactical rocket. It simulates the tactical rocket's smoke and flight trajectory, but with less noise and backblast. The expended launcher is likely to wear out before the subcaliber inner tube does. When this...

Tables

Destruction procedures for shoulder-launched Table 7-1. Armored vehicle Table 7-2. Effects of the M136 AT4 and M72-series LAW on field fortifications or Table 8-1. Institutional Table 8-2. Sustainment training plan for shoulder-launched Table 8-3. Training Table 8-4. Example training frequency Table 8-5. MILES training Table A-1. M136 AT4 SDZ criteria in Table A-2. M136 AT4 daily individual training firing Table A-3. M141 BDM daily individual training firing Table B-1. Function...

Types of shoulderlaunched munitions

Xm808 Shoulder Launched Munition

Shoulder-launched munitions include the M136 AT4 light antiarmor weapon, the M72-series light antiarmor weapon LAW , improved M72-series LAW, and the M141 bunker defeat munition BDM a shoulder-launched, multipurpose assault weapon-disposable SMAW-D . The M72-series LAW M72A2 and M72A3 was introduced in the early 1960s for use against light tanks of that era Figure 1-1 . More recent and improved versions of the M72-series LAWs were produced in the 1990s and include the M72A4, M72A5, M72A6,...

M at front sight template and target silhouette sheet

Silhouette Gun

This graphic training aid GTA 7-2-5, Sight Engagement Trainer, M136 AT4 consists of two parts a front sight template and a target silhouette sheet. These are used together to train Soldiers to obtain a correct sight picture. The local TSC can provide GTA 7-2-5. To obtain the correct sight picture for the target speed and range, the front sight template is placed on the target silhouette sheet as shown in Figure B-9. For each of the six targets, the reference number sheet shows the number...

Sitting position

The sitting position is the most stable firing position for the M136 AT4. In this position, the arms are placed on the legs for support. Depending on his physique, the firer can use either of two versions of the sitting position, both of which are suitable for engaging stationary targets. 4-8. Sit on your buttocks while facing the target, and spread your feet a comfortable distance apart. Lean forward and place the backs of your upper arms on your knees, avoiding bone-to-bone contact or...

Weapon labels and markings

Each M141 BDM has labels and markings that provide operating instructions, backblast danger zone data Figure 6-7 , and safe, armed, and lock indications Figure 6-8 . The backblast danger zone is discussed in detail in Appendix A. Figure 6-7. Weapon labels and markings. Figure 6-7. Weapon labels and markings. Figure 6-8. Firing mechanism label details. Figure 6-8. Firing mechanism label details.

Anpaqc aiming light

The AN PAQ-4C, aiming light Figure F-1, page F-2 projects an infrared laser beam that cannot be seen with the eye but can be seen with NVDs. This aiming light works with the AN PVS-7B C D-series goggles and AN PVS-14. The AN PAQ-4C mounts on various weapons with mounting brackets and adapters. F-2. The following technical data apply to the AN PAQ-4C Optics 100 parallax free, anti-reflective coated lens system. Length sight 14 centimeters 5.5 inches . Weight 164 grams 5.78 ounces . Height 3...

M bdm field handling trainer

The field handling trainer FHT duplicates the M141 BDM in weight, length, mechanical action, and external features. It consists of an inert, reusable launcher filled with inert ballast to duplicate rocket weight and center of gravity. The firing mechanism safety button and trigger button are functional, to permit a gunner to practice firing. The firing mechanism is made of clear plastic. The FHT can be reset after functioning by using a recocking pin stored under the NVD mount protective...

Night course of fire tables and qualification for m at

Each Soldier is given preliminary marksmanship instruction PMI before the instructional and qualification tables are fired. Once the Soldier completes Tables I and III day tables , he is given additional instruction on the use of the aided vision devices for the night operations. Qualification Tables for the M287 Tracer Trainer E-4. Qualification tables for the M287 tracer trainer are as follows Table I Instructional Day . This scenario consists of 12 targets from 125 to 300 meters. The...

Figures

M72A2 A3 light antiarmor Figure 1-2. M136 AT4 light antiarmor Figure 1-3. M141 Figure 2-1. M136 AT4 launcher and HEAT Figure 2-2. 84-millimeter HEAT Figure 2-3. Effects of M136 AT4 Figure 2-4. Ammunition packaging and Figure 2-5. Location of color-coded Figure 2-6. Figure 2-7. Firing mechanism and transport safety Figure 2-8. Cocking Figure 2-9. Forward Figure 2-10. Figure 2-11. Adjusting the rear sight range Figure 2-12. Cradle Figure 2-13. Removing the transport safety Figure...

Mas trainer system

Even though the M72AS Trainer System does not contain a high-explosive warhead, specific safety precautions must be followed when firing the trainer. A-32. Although the M72AS does not contain a high-explosive warhead, the trainer rocket does contain propellant and powder. Caution must be exercised to ensure that all firers and observers remain clear of the backblast danger area when the trainer is fired Figure A-9 . Figure A-9. M72AS backblast danger area. A-33. The following hazard and...

Reference sources used

These are the sources quoted or paraphrased in this manual. TM 9-1055-886-12 amp P, Operator and Unit Maintenance Manual for M287 9-mm Tracer Bullet Training Device. 25 October 1989. TM 9-1315-886-12, Operator's and Unit Maintenance Manual for Launcher and Cartridge, 84 Millimeter M136 AT4 . 15 May 1990. TM 9-1340-214-10, Operator's Manual for 66-mm Light Antitank Weapon LAW System M72A1, M72A2 with Coupler, M72A3, and Practice Rocket Launcher M190 with M73 Practice Rocket. 31 May 1991. TM...

M at

The M287 9-mm tracer bullet trainer is used to fire the instructional, qualification, and advanced instructional firing tables for the M136 AT4, and DA Form 7324-R M136 AT4 Scorecard is used to score them. Figures E-2 and E-3 show an example of the completed form pages E-4 and E-5 . Tables E-4 through E-6 pages E-6, E-7, and E-8 provide the instructional, qualification, and advanced instructional firing tables for the M136 AT4. The latter must be fired on a separate, more specialized...

Kneeling position

The basic kneeling position is the best position for tracking moving targets. The modified kneeling position is best for engaging stationary targets, since it is a supported position. However, either can be used for stationary or moving targets. 4-5. From the basic standing position, kneel onto your right knee, keeping your left thigh parallel to the ground. Rotate your lower right leg 90 degrees to the left. This removes your right foot from exposure to the backblast. Keep your right...

M at subcaliber tracer trainer

Launcher Trainer M287

The M287 subcaliber tracer trainer Figure B-10 uses the 9-mm M939 training practice-tracer TP-T cartridge. When loaded, this trainer simulates the M136 AT4 in weight, balance, and operation. The velocity and trajectory of its ammunition match that of the M136 AT4's HEAT cartridge, but the M287 produces less noise, backblast, and overpressure. The M287 subcaliber tracer trainer is used in place of the M136 AT4 in training. Figure B-10. M287 subcaliber tracer trainer. B-24. The M287 tracer...

Warnings

Point the M72AS trainer launcher downrange at all times. Load, unload, or fire the trainer launcher at the firing line only, unless the trainer launcher is transferred to authorized personnel. Do not extend the trainer launcher to the cocked position until after the M72AS trainer rocket is completely installed. Insert the M72AS trainer rocket all the way into the trainer launcher before inserting the primer block. Do not fire the trainer launcher if the barrel assembly has a cracked, split, or...

Mseries light antiarmor weapons

Backblast Dimensions

The M72-series LAW has the same safety procedures and considerations as the M136 AT4 except for the following A-14. M72-series LAWs are open-chambered weapons, so they have no recoil. A-15. The total backblast area extends 40 meters 44 yards to the rear of the launcher Figure A-4, page A-6 and is divided into two zones. During training, both zones should be marked off limits. Danger Zone. All personnel, equipment, and flammable material must be clear of this area. Caution Zone. The...

M bunker defeat munition

Danger Zone Centigrade

Danger Area - No personnel allowed in this area severe injury may be sustained 2. Ear Protection Caution Area - All personnel must wear hearing protection devices Sound pressure levels may exceed 140dB. 1. Danger Area - No personnel allowed in this area severe injury may be sustained 2. Ear Protection Caution Area - All personnel must wear hearing protection devices Sound pressure levels may exceed 140dB. Figure A-7. M141 BDM backblast and ear protection caution area. PERMANENT EAR DAMAGE...

40mm Smoke Shoulder Fired

Safety procedures pertaining to the M136 AT4 are as follows A-3. Because the M136 AT4 has a closed chamber, it produces a slight recoil. When the weapon is fired, pressure from the warhead propellant builds up in the chamber and ruptures the baseplate. Once the baseplate ruptures, propellant gases exit with tremendous force from the back of the weapon. The resulting backblast can damage equipment or seriously injure personnel who are too close to the rear of the launcher. When operating...

Firing positions

Standing Positions

The M72-series LAW can be fired from either shoulder by simply reversing the instructions. Though each weapon can be fired from all four of the basic firing positions, individual physique determines exact body and hand positions. Firing from a supported position naturally increases accuracy, which improves the odds for a first-round hit or kill. Basic safety considerations are the same for all light antiarmor weapons, but additional considerations for each firing position are provided...