Glossary Of Sniping And Marksmanship Terms

ALTERNATE POSITION A backup position selected by a sniper to which he can displace and still shoot into his original sector of fire. A sniper should have several alternate positions. See Primary Position and Supplementary Position. AVENUE OF APPROACH AA A road, path, or open area across which the enemy could advance toward you, depending on whether he's mounted or dismounted. Snipers should cover dismounted avenues of approach. BACK AZIMUTH DETECTION TECHNIQUE A technique to identify an enemy...

Thk SniperS Hide T h K F F P

Snipers Hide Pic

Grass in the hide so you could turn and even move a bit without touching any foliage. Your barrel doesn't protrude from the foliage you pruned just enough leaves to allow firing without any visible muzzle blast. And you even put an 18-inch square of wee canvas below the muzzle to prevent any dust from being kicked up. So that you could shoot prone, you shoved some dirt aside or filled a sandbag. Perhaps you had to lay a flat rock beneath your bipod legs for better stability in soft soil. To...

Cold Barrel vs Warm Barrel

Recognizing that consistency equals accuracy and vice versa, a sniper constantly looks for ways to increase his shooting consistency and diagnoses any causes of inconsistency. Variations in rifle barrel temperature lead to variations in where a bullet impacts because a hot or even warm barrel will warp at least slightly. How much it warps, how quickly it warps, how differently it warps according to different kinds of ammo these add more variation and lead to still more inconsistency. The...

Rapid Incapacitation Shot Placement

As the illustration on page 165 well shows, a center-chest shot will impact into a target-rich environment that induces at least rapid incapacitation. Overlapping layers of vulnerable targets are clustered around the torso center, to include the heart with its major arteries, the spine just behind the heart, and the liver found just at the bottom of the rib cage. Please note that the heart is not located center-chest but slightly to the subject's left side. A hit to the heart obviously will...

National Guard Sniper School

Robinson North Little Rock, AR 72199 Co-locatcd at Camp Robinson with the Guards Marksmanship Training Unit and home to the annual Winston P. Wilson Matches, this is the course I cofounded with Lt. Col. Gary Schraml at Camp Ripley, Minnesota, in 1983, which moved to Arkansas a decade later. Other than Ft. Benning, this is the only school authorized to award the Armys B-4 sniper certification. The course is conducted in two two-week phases to better fit Reserve Component...

Urban Movement Techniques

How Detect Snipers Urban Area

Whether you're a police or military sniper, avoid moving toward danger along open, predictable routes. If you must move quickJv, at least use less expected approaches such as backyards, alleys, and rooftops. When you absolutely must advance along a street, do so on the left side so you can quickly duck into a doorway or behind a building comer and rerum fire with your rifle on your right shoulder. When time isn't so pressing, you should actually A rubbled urban environment, whether Stalingrad...

McMillan Sniper School

The McMillan Sniper School is an offshoot of the McMillan rifle company, which builds high-quality sniper weapons. The school's five courses benefit from realistic live-fire training at a sizable former movie set in the Arizona desert. Most phases last two or three days, plus a special 11-day course designed to prepare U.S. military snipers for combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. Instructors include a cross-section of state, federal, and local police and military snipers.

Penetration By Cal Ap Rounds

Caliber Suppressor

ALUMINUM 3.5 inches RUBBLE asphalt, soil, cement 20 inches TAMPED SNOW 77 inches 19.9-24.9 Ibs. cu. ft. An efficient muzzle brake reduces recoil but boosts the visual signature, especially on dusty, sandy soil. impossible to find him, but your previous surveillance and range card data will enable you to engage his concealed positions for some time. Due to their weight and bulk, .50-caliber rifles are not suited for direct assaults or classic sniper stalking. Indeed, U.S. Marine Corps and Army...

Exact Aiming Techniques

Sniper Training Target

My father once told me a yarn about a duck-hunting friend who fired box after box of shells but never dropped a bird because he aimed at entire flocks instead of individual ducks. His point was that no matter how hard you try, your shooting can never be more exact than your aiming. Aiming is merely another kind of concentration, another way in which a sniper's superior attention to detail yields better results than those of an average rifleman. That average rifleman is taught only to aim at his...

US Department of Justice FBI

Firearms Training Unit FBI Academy, Building 9 Quantico, VA 22135 The FBI's two Observer Sniper Courses, each a week in length, are open only to bona fide law officers, with priority given to FBI students and those from other federal agencies. Due to their co-locations, there's considerable cross-fertilization between the FBI courses, the FBI Hostage Rescue Team HRT , and the Marine Corps Scout Sniper Instructor School. The FBI school has a reputation for incorporating cutting-edge tactics,...

Natural Line of Drift

Africa Natural Line Drift

I must thank my SOG Recon Company commander, Capt. Willie Merkerson, for teaching me about natural line of drift over a beer one night in the NCO club. It was the closest thing to a classroom we had. My first step during mission planning was to take a grease pencil and guesstimate trail locations on my map, then decide which ones to avoid, which to approach only cautiously, and which to consider for ambushes. Applying what Captain Merkerson taught me, I was able to anticipate nine out of 10...

Checklist For Firing Each Shot

Sniper Data Log Book

The following actions should occur during each shot fired in practice, and almost all are used in real-life combat or police incidents, too. Through repetition, these should become habits so you apply them while under stress and thereby achieve superb shooting despite pressures. RIFLE GRASPED PROPERLY FOR COMFORT RIFLE GRASPED PROPERLY TO ABSORB RECOIL BEANBAG SNUG UNDER RIFLE BUTT CORRECT SCOPE SIGHT PICTURE TRIGGER CONTROL FEELS RIGHT SHOULD I TRY A DRY-FIRE FIRST USE A PRECISE POINT OF AIM...

Urban Spotting and Target Detection

Urban spotting is especially complicated because you're virtually surrounded by target indicators straight lines abound, as do man-made cover and concealment, and so forth. If you try to surveil all target indicators intensely, you'll go buggy. To distinguish a hostile in this confusing maze, watch for even slight movement* which requires using naked eyes and binoculars extensively until movement's detected. Only then do you switch to your spotting or rifle scope. Urban locations worthy of...

Crackbang Calculations

The crack-bang technique works because we can accurately calculate the time difference between a supersonic bullet reaching a certain point and the slower speed-of-sound bang that catches up with it but only to 500 yards. So you will appreciate its limitations, we're providing the data below. We've designated 500 yards as the maximum practical distance because beyond that, the time difference becomes too thin for accurate estimation. You cannot slice a second much thinner than 1 5 without using...