But it's been mostly hunting experience that traditionally has marked a man as a potential sniper. The Germans historically called their snipers "Jägers" or "hunters," so close is this linkage.
The Russians especially liked snipers with hunting experience. Their greatest sniper of World War II, Sgt. Vassili Zaitsev, had been a prewar hunter and trapper in the Ural Mountains.
The best Australian snipers of World War II were experienced kangaroo hunters who knew that a badly placed shot ruined a pelt, so they'd grown accustomed to making head shots at long range. Stealth and sharpshooting were their way of life.
When it comes to the United States, well, more so than any other major power, firearms and hunting are a significant ingredient of the modern American experience. The United States probably has more hunters per capita today than any other great nation.
But you need not be a hunter to be a sniper; indeed, some expert snipers have no interest in hunting. A former Green Beret friend who's a sniper with a major metropolitan police department decries the "needless" harvesting of wildlife—but would not hesitate to cake out a bad guy with his McMillan rifle. He's an excellent rifle shot, a good tactician, and applies other skills well, too. Steve and I may argue about the morality of hunting, but there's no question he's a competent sniper—with no hunting experience whatsoever.
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Deer hunting is an interesting thing that reminds you of those golden old ages of 19th centuries, where a handsome hunk well equipped with all hunting material rides on horse searching for his target animal either for the purpose of displaying his masculine powers or for enticing and wooing his lady love.