The simplest solution to up/down confusion—and the one most police snipers apply—is to keep the distance as close as they can, say no more than 100 yards. Look at the chart showing this short-range information.
No matter whether you're firing .308, .223, or .300 Mag. or the suspect's at 30 degrees or 60 degrees, by virtue of your short range, the maximum possible error is only about an inch when you aim dead-on.
Already we've cited stalking forward as one way of reducing the effect of a heavy wind, so this only reinforces the concept.
But in many law enforcement instances— and in most military situations—100-yard shots are simply not feasible and are wrought with hazard. So you must compensate instead.
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Deer hunting is an interesting thing that reminds you of those golden old ages of 19th centuries, where a handsome hunk well equipped with all hunting material rides on horse searching for his target animal either for the purpose of displaying his masculine powers or for enticing and wooing his lady love.