The SVDs xmm Rimmed Round

Spec Ops Shooting

Ultimate Firearms Training Guide

Get Instant Access

The Russian 7.62x54mm is the only rimmed military cartridge now in use worldwide. Developed in 1891, it's a product of the same era that produced two ballistically similar venerable rounds, the .303 British Enfield and U.S. .30-06 Springfield.

Originally chambered for the Model 1891 Mosin-Nagant, this 54mm-long round is not interchangeable with the AK's 7.62mm cartridge, which is only 39 millimeters in length. Today's 7.62x54mm primarily serves as the PK machine gun round, and most cartridge styles are loaded for this weapon, not the SVD.

While all these rounds can be fired in the sniper rifle (see box, next page), only the boat-tail ("streamlined") bullets provide suitable accuracy, and the silver- or white-tipped 149-grain LPS round provides the best performance, I was told by a Special Ops expert.

The Soviets did not supply snipers with matchgrade ammo for the SVD, which partially explains its mediocre performance, although it's well within Russian capabilities to produce match rounds. After the 1976 Winter Olympics, I was able to examine some special Soviet biathlon ammo that a U.S. competitor brought back, which reflected the highest state-of-the-art technology.

Today, a variety of match-grade 7.62x54R ammo is available for the SVD, the SV-98, and their predecessor, the Mosin-Nagant rifle. Silver-tipped Russian and Czech 147-grain loads perform similarly and were intended for the SVD. The Czech ammo, packed in 20-round pastel green boxes—

Match loads in 7.82x54R include (L-R> Sellier & Bellot 174-grain; Russian Wolf 200-grain; Russian competition load in 200 grain; and Russian and Czech silver-tipped loads of 147 grain. Only the S&8 uses a BTHP bullet.

7.62MMx54 RIMMED CARTRIDGE, 185-GR. BT BULLET WIND DRIFT IN 90-DEGREE CROSSWIND (Inches at Hundreds of Yards)

5 mph 10 mph 15 mph 20 mph

100

200

300

400

500

600

1000

.31

1.27

2.96

5.44

8.29

13.09

41.91

.61

2.55

5.91

11.07

1757

26.19

86.83

.92

3.82

8.88

16.31

25.88

39.29

125.75

1.23

5.12

11.84

21.79

35.14

52.39

167.66

This data may slightly exaggerate SVD performance.

It was generated by adjusting established Norma loads 8nd Sierra tables.

This data may slightly exaggerate SVD performance.

It was generated by adjusting established Norma loads 8nd Sierra tables.

ADJUSTED 7.62x54MM BALLISTIC INFORMATION

Distance (yds)

Muzzle

100

200

300

400

500

600

1000

Velocity (fps)

2700

2537

2380

2228

2082

1942

1808

1348

Energy (ft-lbs.)

2994

2595

2272

1991

1854

1518

1344

747

Drop (inches)

0.0

-2.3

-10.3

-23.9

-44.7

-73.6

-111.3

-387.3

Bullet Path (inches)

-1.5

+2.0

zero

-8.0

-23.1

-46.2

-78.2

-331.4

RUSSIAN 7.62x54MM RIMMED ROUNDS CURRENTLY IN PRODUCTION

Round Type

Tip Marking

Style

Wt.

Muzz. Vel.

Type D Heavy Ball

Yellow

Boat-tail

185-gr.

2720 fps

Type LPS Light Ball *

White/Silver

Boat-tail

147-gr.

2842 fps

Type T-46 Tracer

Green

Standard

149-gr.

2842 fps

Type B-32 API

Black & Red

Boat-tail

155-gr.

2842 fps

Type BS-40 API

Black & Red

Standard

188-gr.

2636 fps

Type BZTAPI-T

Purple & Red

Standard

142-gr.

2875 fps

The LPS is the best-performing round for the SVD rifle.

The LPS is the best-performing round for the SVD rifle.

C o i; n r r r s x i i» i n G Tactics a x d T l c h n I q u i- s 479

unmarked but for a wide silver stripe—is mildly corrosive due to the caustic mixture in its primer. Packaged in a bright yellow and blue box is Russian "Extra" competition-grade ammo, which uses a 200-grain ball bullet and a brass case. A similar commercial 200-grain load is distributed by Wolf Ammunition. Lapua of Finland produces true match-grade ammo in this caliber, as does the Czech company Sellier & Bellot, with both loads employing Sierra-style HPBT bullets.

Combining our assessment of rifle, scope, and ammunition, we can conclude that the SVD is as good as the man shooting it out to about 600 yards and adequately fulfills the role for which it was designed—to placc aimed fire at man-sized point targets beyond the range of AKMs and AK-74s. The SVD does this job well, and in the hands of a superior marksman—particularly one employing good fieldcraft and tactics—it is a deadly sniper rifle.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Hunting Mastery Selected Tips

Hunting Mastery Selected Tips

Deer hunting is an interesting thing that reminds you of those golden old ages of 19th centuries, where a handsome hunk well equipped with all hunting material rides on horse searching for his target animal either for the purpose of displaying his masculine powers or for enticing and wooing his lady love.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • rami
    Hi.<br />Please let me know what kind of powder the company used in 7.62x54r 155gr black tip and red Type B-32 API<br />slow burn -fast burn ?<br />Best Regards<br />Rami<br />
    8 years ago

Post a comment