Whether you're a police or military sniper, avoid moving toward danger along open, predictable routes. If you must move quickJv, at least use less expected approaches such as backyards, alleys, and rooftops. When you absolutely must advance along a street, do so on the left side so you can quickly duck into a doorway or behind a building comer and rerum fire with your rifle on your right shoulder.
When time isn't so pressing, you should actually
A rubbled urban environment, whether Stalingrad or here, Grozny, creates an ideal physical setting for sniper concealment.
go through urban cover, as we've illustrated on page 444. This means exploiting sewers and subway tunnels below ground, transiting through large buildings rather than going around them, and even using demo to blow holes from one adjacent building to the next, a technique the Germans called "mousehol-ing" at Stalingrad.
An excellent urban movement technique when you're overwatching advancing friendly troops is leapfrogging, which requires at least two sniper teams, though we use three in our next illustration. One team is in a hide and covering the troops (the rooftop team), while another is abandoning a hide (the water tower), and a third team just behind the troops (entering the storefront) prepares to occupy a hide. Should a threat be detected or the troops come under fire, one team engages and tells the other two teams where to position themselves to best support the action.
Urban stalking is just as carefully planned and meticulously executed as its rural counterpart, but your selected route and movement technique must fit your urban surroundings. It's still a matter of dividing the route into distinct legs, as our sniper has done in the stalking illustration on page 446, with his ultimate destination being a suitable hide location.
URBAN STALKING. A sniper uses the same techniques used in woodland stalking, dividing his route into legs and matching an appropriate movement style to each leg
An Albuquerque police SWAT sniper demonstrates the effectiveness of cheesecloth, even just duct-taped over an open window.
An urban area's abundance of man-made structures and lack of trees can make it hard to stabilize an offhand shot. To solve this, I developed a body position in which you plant your feet firmly and lean back into a wall or building, shifting about 40 to 50 percent of your weight against the structure. It's quick to assume and noticeably superior to an unsupported shot.
We've already covered the shooting platform, but realize that you can improvise a support of any height with a little imagination. At the McMillan Sniper School, students leam to fashion supports from scraps of wood and duct tape, as shown in an accompanying photo. It's well worthwhile to keep a roll of tape in your rucksack.
Another useful urban support is a line or cord or strap, nailed or tied in place. What's especially flexible here is that you can install it for the ideal height you need whether firing prone, sitting, or standing. And it can be rigged in those places where it would seem it's impossible to fund support.
The "urban prone" position was made famous by the Los Angeles Police Department's SWAT team, whose officers shot and killed an AK-armed suspect using this firing position. To assume the urban prone, Ue beside a parked vehicle, almost parallel to it, and place your rifle underneath it. If you're a right-handed shooter, it will feel more natural to lie on your left side but you won't be able to get your rifle as low and probably won't be able to get clearance beneath a compact car. Lying on your right side initially feels a bit odd and may attenuate recoil somewhat, but it's more stable and you can get your rifle closer to the ground. Support it by propping the forearm's side with your left hand.
Here's where it's a bit tricky and requires some live-fire practice before employing it real-world. While lying on your side, your scope's vertical crosshair becomes the horizontal, and vice versa. In essence, because your scope is no longer above your bore, your windage has become your elevation and your elevation has become your windage.
Sniping in an Urban Environment 449
Sniping in an Urban Environment 449
This sniper student improvised an excellent support with just duct tape and scrap wood, (Photo credit: McMillan Sniper School)
Sniping in an Urban Es'viros'.uüsi
To a small degree, your bullet will impact right or left—depending on whether you're lying on your right or left side—and if you need holdover, you will use what had been your vertical crosshair and has now become the horizontal crosshair. Again, you should practice this before attempting it real-world. (And use caution: a tank full of gasoline is not far from your muzzle!)
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