A mil is an angular width, just like a Minute of Angle is an angular width, except the mil is a little wider. Recall how 1 MOA represents 1 inch at 100 yards, 2 inches at 200 yards, 8 inches at 800, etc. The mil dot concept is similar, except it primarily has been used to measure distances when adjusting artillery fire. As any artilleryman or mortar gunner can tell you, 1 mil equals 1/6400 of a circle. Much more importantly to us, however, this same 1 mil angular width equates to 1 yard at 1,000 yards or 1 meter at 1,000 meters. This proportional relationship makes possible a simple formula to calculate distances:
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