Summary

During this period of instruction, we have discussed target indicators, types of camouflage, geographical areas, and tracks. Initially, we covered what a target indicator is, and that sound, movement, and improper camouflage make up indicators. Care must be taken that shine, outline, and contrast with the background are eliminated. We learned the different types of camouflage, such as grease paint, and how totone down the skin with it, the ghillie suit, used as camouflaged...

Table Of Contents

Naval Special Warfare Basic Sniper Training 1 Occupation and Selection of Range Estimation Techniques of Introduction of Night Vision Litton Model M-485 Night Vision Weapons Sight 37 Sniper Techniques of Range Card, Log Book, and Field Sketching Detailed Outline 61 Sighting, Aiming, and Trigger Correcting for Environmental Application of Moving Lesson Outline Special Operations Lesson Outline Aircraft Surveillance and Takedown 107 Pickup Zone and Landing Operations Helo Insertions Extractions...

Pickup Zone And Landing Zone Operations

1 The landing point should be large enough to have a cleared circular area for landing of at least 25 meters for day or night. These dimensions are the minimum requirements for safety considerations. Refer to para 3-8 for correct dimensions of cleared areas. 2 The landing site should have the capacity to accomodate the number, formation, and type of aircraft using the site. 1 The PZ LZ should be free of obstacles and any loose debris that might damage the aircraft or obstruct the pilot's...

Factors Effecting Range Estimation

An object of regular outline, such as a house, will appear closer than one of irregular outline, such as a clump of trees. b. A target which contrasts with it's background will appear to be closer than it actually is. c. A partially exposed target will appear more distant than it actually 2. Nature of Terrain. The observer's eye follows the irregularities of terrain conformation, and he will tend to overestimate distance values. In observing over smooth terrain such as sand, water, or snow,...

Conduct Of The Exercise

The students are brought to the obervation post, issued a record card, and given a reveiw on the methods of judging distances and the causes of miscalculation, they are briefed on the following 2. Students are spread out and the first object is indicated. The student will have 3 mi mutes to estimate the distance and write it down. The sequence is repeated for a total of eight objects. The cards are collected, and the correct range to each object is given. The tnstructor points out in each...

Body A Mehtods Of Range Estimation

When available, maps are the most accurate aid in determining range. This is easily done by using the paper-strip method for measuring horizontal distance. 2. The 100 Meter Unit of Measure Method. a. Techniques. To use this method, the sniper must be able to visualize a distance of 100 meters on the ground. For ranges up to 500 meters, he determines the number of 100 meter increments between the two points. Beyond 500 meters, he selects a point midway to the targets, determine...

Introduction

Relate story of Russian super-sniper Vassili Zaitsev and German super-sniper Major K nigs at the Battle of Stalingrad. Excerpts frcm Enemy at the Gates by William Craig. 2. Simply stated, the Specwar snipers mission is to see without being seen and to kill without being killed. a. Purpose. The purpose of this period of instruction is to provide the student with the knowledge required to select and occupy a position. b. Main Ideas. The main ideas to be discussed are the...

Sniper Measure Human Body

Night runs the gamut from absolute, darkness to bright moonlight. No matter hew bright the night may appear to be, however, it will never permit the human eye to function with daylight precision. For maximum effectiveness, the sniper must apply the proven principles of night vision. 1 Darkness Adaptation. It takes the eye about 30 minutes to regulate itself to a marked lowering of illumination. During that time, the pupils are expanding and the eyes are not reliable. In...

Info

The sniper team, before they start a mission, must agree and understand what methods will be used to indicate targets to the other and what methods will be used to ensure both are ready before the shot is made. 18. When firing over ground, the extent of its danger space depends on the relationship between a. The trajectory and the line of sight, or angle or fall, and therefore on the range and the circumstances of its trajectory. b. On the height of the target. 20. For the given height of...

Postmission Nonpermissive Debriefing Format

Name of individual being debreifed. c. Other menbers of the element. a. Primary mission assigned to the element. 4. EEI OIR PIR lt PRIMARY INTEL REQUIRMEBTS . FRIENDLY FORCES A chronological, detailed statement emphasizing time, movement activities, and observations within the area of operations. a. Infiltration time and place b. Koveicenfc direction and distance c. Observation of human activity 5 Ethnic group, language, etc. 6 Clothing color, condistion , Footgear, headgear, trouser,...

Sat Comm Procedure

UP-LINK FREQ MODE SWITCH TO X2. 4. SAT OFFSET SWITCH TO A,B,C, OR D. FOUR SETS OF FREQS CAN BE PRESET FOR QUICK ACCESS . NODE SWITCH TO XI. DOWN-LINK FREQ 6. CALL SWITCH TO SEND. 8. WHILE HOLDING CALL SWITCH IN SEND, ADJUST KHz AND KHz, UP OR DOWN TD DESIRED FREQUENCY 9., RELEASE CALL SWITCH, lt AFTER DESIRED FREQS. ARE ENTERED. THIS WILL LOAD FREQS AND WILL AUTOKATICLY RETURN TO RCV POSTION. 10. ADJUST MODE SWITCH TO X2. lt UP-LINK FREQ 12. RETURN MODE SWITCH TO X2. TO TRANSMIT 1. PSC-3...

Call For Fire

Normally, the call for fire will go through the forward air controller FAC . In the event the FAC is absent, ground personnel may direct strike flights onto targets. Corrections to the target must be simple, clearly understood, and fast timely . Cardinal directions are preferred over clock reference or attack heading corrections. b. The observer-target method of correcting mortar or artillery fires could be dangerously confusing in a fast moving air strike. For example, a forward air...

Normal Compliment

Model M-845 night vision weapons sight. e. Instruction and maintenance manual. f. 2 type E-132 mercury batteries. g. Thermo-formed ABS plastic transit and storage case. h. Mounting kit with all tools and hardware for mounting the M-845. x a. Battery life Approx. 40 hours 70 degrees . b. Lew battery indicator Red L.E.D. c. Battery type one each Mercury - 2.8 VDC Type 132. in. in. in. d. Weight w battery 2.2 lbs. a. The litton M-845, at longer ranges 200 yards and beyond the red dot will...

Dss

DESCRIPTION OF HLZ AND TOUCH DCWN POINT SIZE, SECURE UNSECURE, HOT COLD, SURFACE CONDITION, SLOPE . f. DIRECTION OF APPROACH AND DEPARTURE CARDINAL OR MAG. BEARING . g. FRIENDLY POSITIONS IN RELATION TO HLZ AIRCRAFT LAND HEADING USE CLOCK DIRECTION . h. OBSTACLES IN APPROACH AND DEPARTURE PATH, DESCRIPTION, AND HOW MARKED . i. TIME AND DIRECTION OF LAST ENEMY FIRE. CARDINAL DIRECTION AND DISTANCE . j. SUSPECTED ENEMY POSITION. k. DIRECTION ENEMY FIRE MOST LIKELY. 1. DIRECTION AIRCRAFT IS...

Standards

The sniper student must meet all the above condtions to receive a passing score. The student is deemed to have failed if he does not recieve a passing score of o points. A total of 10 points must be accumulated in order to pass the camouflage and _ _ concealment exercises, io exercises will be given throughout the cljurse . SCOUT SNIPER OBSERVER HALO H HO INSERTION EQUIPMENT SNIPER OBSERVER EQUIPMENT, READY TO BE DONNED 13. HIGH-ALTITUDE-JUMP GLOVES MITTENS 2. THERMAL UNDERWEAR FOR...

Iniroduction

The continuation of a sniper program in Special Warfare will depend on how well, you as snipers can support the Seal Platoons to carry out their assigned mission or independent sniper operations. 2. Purpose. This lesson outline is constructed to better advise the Seal Scout Sniper to employ himself by giving a better understanding of weapons, tactics, and employment involving, Has kins 50 Cal S.W.S., Ship Boarding, Across the geact operations, HAHO Airborne Insertions. 3....

Sniper Mission Insertion Equipment

Sniper Equipment

H HARNESS AND QUICK RELEASES SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW EQUIPMENT TO BE PREPPED FOR WATERBORNE INSERTION. NOTE THAT THE SCOPE HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE RIFLE AND WATERPROOFED TORQUE WRENCH REQUIRED TO REMOUNT IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN ZERO. SCOUT...

Observation Aids

The sniper's success is detecting targets, or the signs of enemy presence, is dependent on his powers of observation. To increase his ability to observe well, he is aided by the use of the telescope, binoculars, and starlight scope. 1. OBSERVATION SCOPE. The observation telescope is a prismatic optical instrument of 20-power magnification. The lenses are coated with magnesium flouride for high light gathering capability. The scope should be carried by the sniper team when it is justified by...

Ihm

1.1 Kg with AA batteries 240 hue x 130 mm 2 x AA 1.5 VDC 1 x BA-1567 u 1 x BA-5567 u Daylight Training Filter incorporated in objective lens cap Fully interchangeable with M972, M973 Night Vision Goggle Immersion tested 1 m water for hour BELOW LITTON M845 MK II ELECTRON DEVICE RIGHT LITTON M845 MK II AND ACCESSORIES BOTTOM LITTON M975 ELECTRON DEVICE

Tabulated Data

LENGTH 13 1 8 inches EYE RELIEF 3 inches fixed ELEVATION AND WINDAGE____1 4 minute. 90 minutes of elevation and windage MAIN ELEVATION 1 4 minute resolution type adjustment WINDAGE 1 4 minute resolution type adjustment RETICLE Mil dot duplex for range estimation and calculated leads on moving targets. 3 4 or 1 4 mil dot. 6. FOCUS CHECK. The teescope should be focused to the individual's eye. To check the focus, point the scope at a distance scene or the sky and drape a white hankerchief over...

T

2 React to unintentional contact to close range when terrain restricts maneuver. Break Contact 3 Defend against low level air attack. d Immediate action should be planned for the following a seek concealment and cover if you spot A C and don't think A C spotted you b lay down perpendicular to the direction of flight and return fire if you know the A C has spotted you and is coming in on a gun run Lead helicopters and prop planes 50 yards, lead jets 200 yards c If the aircraft passes you and is...

Body

The sniper, having decided upon an area of operation, must chose a specific spot frcm which to operate. The sniper must not forget that a position which appears to him as an obvious and ideal location for a sniper will also appear as such to the enemy. He should avoid the obvious positions and stay away from prominent, readily identifiable objects and terrain features. TA The best position represents an optimum balance between two considerations. a. It provides maximum...

Introdugtion

Gain Attention, imagine Special Warfare suddenly committed to a peace keeping force such as in Beirut, Lebanon. Or, imagine being committed to preserve the peace and protect innocent lives and property in an urban environment such as Detroit or Watts during a Big City riot. What is the role of the sniper Is the sniper a valid weapon for employment in situations like this 2. The answer is most emphatically, yes' We have only to look around us to see examples of how effective the sniper can be...

Sitrep Posrep Spotrep Shellrep

Every hour on the hour at each check point after breaking enemy contact upon sighting enemy Required reports are a conrrianders control measure and are usually given in the comnanders operation order. c Will Dry-Ad Pele shackle sheets be used - ADSIR Authenticate - Down Shackle - Right d Brevity Codes Code Words - used on the radio Examples not limited only to these On the Move - Sleeping At the ORP - Fishing At the FFP - Cold Steel At a check Point - A different type of beer can be used for or...

Stalking Exercises

The purpose of the stalking exercise is to give the sniper confidence In his ability to approach and occupy a firing postion without being observed. Having studied a map and aeriel photograph,if available individual students must stulk for a predesignated distance, which could be 1000 yards or more, depending on the area selected. All stalking exercises and tests should be approximately 1000 yards with a four hour time limit. The student must stail within 150 to 200 yards of two trained...

The Guard

The larger breeds of dog are used for this purpose. The final objective being to chase and attack. It must have the courage, and physical capability to fulfil the objective. It is useful to note that various methods of training are employed throughout the world, varying from compulsion to revulsion. Irrespective of training design, the end product is basic - Attack and Detain. The guard dog is operated in two ways with a handler on leash or roaming free in a compound. Whichever method is...

Range Estimation Table For Six Foot

Average Standing Man - 6 Feet Tall 2 Yards Tall Average Sitting Kneeling Man - 3 Feet Tall l Yard Tall 2 1000 500 2.5 800 400 3 666 333 3.5 571 286 4 500 250 4.5 444 222 5 400 200 5.5 364 182 6 333 167 6.5 308 154 7 286 143 7.5 267 133 8 250 125 8.5 235 118 RANGE ESTIMATION TABLE OF MILS FOR PERSONNEL - 6', 5 9 and 5'6

Planning And Preparation Of A Sniper Mission

The purpose of this lesson plan is to ensure that all Special Warfare scout snipers pocess the ability to plan, prepare and carry out a assigned sniper mission. All aspects of planning and preparation of a sniper mission are contained in this lesson plan, from the sniper employment officer's responsibilities to the sniper team's responsibilities in planning, preparing, and executing a mission. A sniper patrol is always tailored for the mission it is to execute. 1. DEFINITION. A sniper...

Litton Model M Night Vision Weapons Sight

In order the SEAL sniper to engage targets during hours of limited visibility, he must use a night vision device. This period of instruction will provide you with the knowledge necessary to mount, put into operation, zero, and maintain the M-845 night vision device. a. Lesson Objective To enable the student to mount, put into operation, and zero the M-845 night vision device as stated in class. b. Training Objectives. L. Mount the M-845. 2. Place the NVD into operation. 3....

Aval Special Warfare Basic Sniper Training Syllabus

Tie primary mission of the SEAL scout sniper in combat is to support combat operations by delivering percision fire on selected targets from concealed postions, The SEAL sniper also has a secondary mission of gathering information for intelligence purposes. The future combat operations that would most likely involve Naval Special Warfare would be low intensity type combat operations that would employ SEAL personnel in the gathering of information for future military operations or the...