The noise and confusion of battle may limit the use of some of these methods; therefore, the leader must select a method or combination of methods that will best accomplish the mission.
a. ORAL. This is an effective method of control, but at times the leader may be too far away from the gunner, or the noise of the battle may make it impossible for the gunner to hear him.
b. ARM-AND-HAND SIGNALS. This is an effective method when the gunners can see the leader. All gunners must understand the standard arm-and-hand signals.
c. PREARRANGED SIGNALS. These are either visual or sound signals such as pyrotechnics or blasts on a whistle. These signals should be included in standing operating procedures (SOPs) and must be understood by all squad members.
d. PERSONAL CONTACT. In many situations, the leader must move to individual squad members to issue orders. This method of control is used more than any other by small-unit leaders. The leader must use maximum cover and concealment to keep from disclosing the position.
e. STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES. SOPs are actions to be executed without command that are developed during the training of the Bquad members. Their use eliminates many commands and simplifies the leader's job of fire control.
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