Proficiency Performance Examination

This appendix provides a guide for administering the proficiency examination to gunners. The purpose of this examination is to determine whether the soldier can perform all the tasks taught in the dry-fire training.

B-l. DRY-FIRE PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION

a. The examination is a practical nonfiling exercise given during the last period of the SAW block of instruction prior to range firing. It is not required that it be conducted on a range, and it may be held indoors if available facilities will permit. The soldier will be required to demonstrate proper techniques for the following tasks:

(1) Sight setting

(2) Loading

(3) Obtaining the proper firing position

(4) Obtaining the proper sight picture

(5) Trigger control (press and release)

(6) Steady holding through the burst

(7) Application of immediate action

(8) Re-engagement of the target

(9) Distribution of fire

(10) Applying the adjusted point of aim

(11) Unloading and placing the SAW on SAFE.

b. In the conduct of this examination, tasks 1,2,3,5,6,7, and 11 are performed with the SAW. This can be conducted using the coach-and-pupil method, with an instructor or assistant instructor supervising no more than 10 pairs.

c. Tasks 4,8, 9, and 10 are performed using a 10-meter target and an aiming paddle containing the front and rear sight image. The aiming paddle will be locally reproduced in accordance with the dimensions in the following figure.

AIMING PADDLE

B-2. TASKS

TASK 1 - SIGHT SETTING

Each soldier will be instructed to set his sight on the proper starting position for zeroing on the 10-meter range. He will then be required to adjust the sight to 600 meters, then 300 meters, and then return the sight to the starting position.

Conditions: Given a SAW for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will, without error:

1. Determine the total number of clicks of windage available on the sight going from extreme right to extreme left, and then position the rear sight at the numerical center by counting the clicks.

2. Rotate the elevation knob to the 1,000-meter setting; grasp the peep aperture and rotate it to the bottom position.

3. Rotate the elevation knob to the 500-meter setting.

4. Adjust the range to the 600-meter setting.

5. Adjust the range to the 300-meter setting.

6. Adjust the range to the 500-meter setting.

TASK 2 - LOADING

Each soldier will demonstrate loading the SAW.

Conditions: Given a SAW and a 10-round belt of dummy ammunition for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will:

1. Pull the charging handle to the rear, locking the bolt in the rear position. Return the charging handle to the forward position until it clicks.

2. Push the safety to the right (red ring not visible).

3. Squeeze the cover latches and raise the cover.

4. Place the belt in the feed tray, with the open side of the links down, first round against the cartridge stop; hold the belt in position.

5. Close the cover.

6. Check the cartridge indicator — it should stick up above the top of the left side of the cover.

TASK 3 - OBTAINING THE PROPER FIRING POSITION

The soldier wil be instructed to demonstrate the proper firing position and hold.

Conditions: Given a SAW for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will:

1. Assume a prone position, placing the folding shoulder rest on the right shoulder.

2. Grasp the stock immediately behind the receiver with the thumb and fingers of his nonfiring hand around the stock, and place firm pressure down and to the rear.

3. Grasp the pistol grip with his firing hand and apply pressure to the rear.

4. Ensure that his head is positioned on the stock immediately behind the nonfiring hand and positioned so that the firing eye looks directly through the peep sight.

5. Make sure that his shoulders are level with his body, with his elbows an equal distance from the receiver of the weapon.

6. Ensure that his body is aligned behind the bore so that a line extending through the bore would bisect his right shoulder and buttock.

TASK 4 - OBTAINING THE PROPER SIGHT PICTURE

The soldier will be instructed to demonstrate the proper sight picture for the

SAW.

Conditions: Given an aiming paddle and a 10-meter target for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will, with the aid of the aiming paddle and 10-meter target, demonstrate the proper sight picture to be used when engaging a point target by overlaying the sight image on a single aiming paster.

TASK 5 - TRIGGER CONTROL

The soldier will demonstrate trigger control to be used in burst fire.

Conditions: Given a SAW and a 10-round belt of dummy ammunition for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will demonstrate the trigger pull and release, and the appropriate short burst. Hold is accomplished by holding for a 1-second count.

TASK 6 - STEADY HOLD THROUGH BURST

See Task 8.

TASK 7 - APPLICATIONS OF IMMEDIATE ACTION

See Task 8.

TASK 8 - RE-ENGAGE THE TARGET

The soldier will be instructed to fire five simulated bursts using proper holding techniques and applying immediate action between bursts.

Conditions: Given a SAW, a 10-meter target, and a five-round belt of dummy ammunition for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will:

1. Demonstrate proper steady holding through each burst with imperceptible weapon movement, except for that caused by the loading and firing action of the mechanism.

2. Demonstrate immediate action by grasping the charging handle with the firing hand, palm up, pulling it completely to the rear, ejecting the dummy cartridge, and returning it forward until it clicks.

3. Reacquire a sight picture and steady hold on the target.

TASK 9 - DISTRIBUTION OF FIRE

Each soldier will be instructed to demonstrate the proper techniques for distribution of fire on a linear target

Conditions: Given an aiming paddle and a 10-meter target for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will demonstrate, with the aiming paddle, the acquisition of successive aiming points in the target area, by overlaying the sight image on each of the scoring spaceB in target groups 7 through 8.

TASK 10 - APPLYING THE ADJUSTED POINT OF AIM

Each soldier will be instructed to demonstrate proper aiming techniques when utilizing the adjusted point of aim method.

Conditions: Given an aiming paddle and a target with beaten zones in high right, low left, low, and high positions for each teBted-soldier.

Standards: The soldier will show the correct adjusted point of aim for each of the misplaced beaten zones.

1. Aim low left in the same amount that the high right beaten zone is off the aiming point

2. Aim high right in the same amount that the low left beaten zone is off the aiming point.

3. Aim high in the same amount that the low beaten zone is off the aiming point.

4. Aim low in the same amount that the high beaten zone is off the aiming point.

TASK 11 - UNLOADING AND PLACING THE SAW ON SAFE

Conditions: Given a SAW loaded with dummy ammunition for each tested soldier.

Standards: The soldier will demonstrate:

1. Placing the safety on by pushing the button to the right (red ring not visible).

2. Raising the cover.

3. Removing the belt of dummy ammunition.

4. Raising the feed tray, inspecting the chamber, and ensuring it is clear.

5. Lowering the feed tray, closing the cover assembly, and pushing the safety to the left (red ring visible). Holding the cocking handle to the rear, depressing the trigger, and riding the bolt forward to close and lock it

APPENDIX C Ammunition

This appendix describes the ammunition to be used in the M249 SAW. The ammunition is issued in a disintegrating, metallic, 3plit-linked belt.

M249 Saw Unloading And Loading

C-l. CLASSIFICATION

M249 SAW ammunition is classified as follows:

a. BALL CARTRIDGE — for use against light materials and personnel, and for range training.

b. TRACER CARTRIDGE — for observation of fire, incendiary effects, signaling, and use during training.

c. DUMMY CARTRIDGE — for use during mechanical training.

d* BLANK CARTRIDGE —for use during training when simulated live fire is desired. A blank firing attachment must be used to fire this ammunition.

C-2. IDENTIFICATION

a. The 5.56-mm NATO cartridge may be identified by its appearance, the painting of the projectile tips, the stamping of the manufacturer's initials and year of manufacture on the base of the cartridge case, and the markings on the packing containers.

b. When removed from the original packing container, the cartridge may be identified by its physical characteristics.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment