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M60 MACHINE GUN 10-METER TARGET

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THIS GROUP IS TOO LOOSE TO ASSUME ACCURATE SIGHT ADJUSTMENTS. ANOTHER GROUP MUST BE FIRED BEFORE IT IS TIGHT ENOUGH TO MAKE ADJUSTMENTS.

ZERO GROUP SIZE

Step 3 — Correct for Windage. If the center of the group is to the left or right of the black aiming paster, the gunner must correct for windage. To do this, he must turn the windage knob to move the peep sight in the direction of the desired change (moving the sight RIGHTmoves the impact RIGHT; moving it LEFT moves the impact LEFT). Each click equals 1/2 mil, which moves the impact 1/2 centimeter at 10 meters (each aiming paster is 1 centimeter).

EXAMPLE: If the gunner sees that the center of the shot group is 2 centimeters (two black aiming pasters) to the left of the aiming point, he turns the windage knob four clicks in the direction of the aiming point (to the right) by rotating the windage knob towards the muzzle.

Step 4 — Correct for Elevation. If the center of the shot group is above the aiming point, the gunner has most likely fired with an incorrect sight picture (too high up on the aiming paster) and should refire, concentrating on the proper point-of-aim sight picture. A similar group fired with a proper sight picture indicates incorrect sight calibration and the weapon should be turned in for maintenance. If the center of the shot group is below the aiming point, the gunner will correct for elevation. He rotates the elevation knob to the 1,000-meter mark to make the peep sight easier to grasp. Each 180-degree turn of the peep sight equals 1/2 centimeter at 10 meters. Return the elevation setting to 500 meters after completing fine elevation adjustments.

Step 5 — Confirm. The gunner will fire another three-shot group (loaded singly) at A2 or C2 after making his corrections for windage and elevation. If the center of the group is still off the aiming point, he should make further adjustments as necessary. This procedure should continue until the group is centered on the point of aim.

Step 6 — Record Zero. Upon confirming his zero, the gunner must record his zero. He must count the number of clicks he moved his windage scale to the left (starting at the extreme right) and how many half turns up he moved the peep sight for elevation (starting from extreme bottom).

EXAMPLE: If after zeroing he turned the peep sight down seven half-turns, he would record UP7 and move the peep sight to its proper position seven clicks upward. If he had moved his windage knob two more clicks to the left after centering the sight, he would record 2L.

e. FIELD ZEROING. Gunners must be taught how to zero the SAW at long ranges in field and combat situations.

(1) To field zero the SAW, the gunner must first center the rear sight in the same manner as step 1 of 10-meter zeroing.

(2) He then selects a target at 300 to 500 meters and selects the appropriate meter mark with his elevation knob.

(3) The gunner fires a three-round burst and makes windage and elevation corrections as necessary. The gunner continues this process until rounds are impacting on the target.

NOTE: Eechclick of windage and elevation will move the Impact of the round 0.16 metar or about 6 inch*s et 300 meters.

(4) If the impact of the rounds (beaten zone) is over the target, the gunner has most likely fired with an incorrect sight picture (too high on the target) and should refire concentrating on proper point of aim and sight picture. If the gunner again fails to zero with a proper sight picture, inspect the sight calibration of the front sight. There should be two threads showing on the front sight post. If not, have the unit armorer correct the calibration and the gunner repeat the zeroing procedure.

7-7. DISTRIBUTION OF FIRE

Distributed fire is fire in depth and width so that a target is effectively covered. The object of distributed fire is to place a heavy volume of fire between the known or suspected flanks of the target. The gunner places fire within the area of such a target by selecting successive aiming pointa within the target area and placing aimed fire onto each point In the event that a gunner must engage targets with width or depth, he must be able to move the gun to distribute fire throughout the target area.

a. TRAVERSING. This is moving the muzzle of the weapon to the left or right to distribute fire laterally. The gunner will accomplish thiB by making minor changes in direction by shifting his shoulders slightly to the left or right. To make maj or changes, he must move his elbows and realign his body position to remain directly behind the weapon. After the muzzle has been moved, aimed fire is placed on the new point.

b. SEARCHING. This is moving the muzzle of the weapon up or down to distribute fire in depth. The gunner must move his elbows closer together (lowering the impact) or farther apart (raising the impact) to accomplish this. After the muzzle has been moved, aimed fire is placed on the new point

7-8. OBSERVATION AND ADJUSTMENT OF FIRE

Gunners must observe and rapidly adjust their fire. Fires are observed by noting the strike of projectiles in the target area and the tracers in flight To adjustfires, use the traversing and searching techniques discussed in the previous paragraphs.

7-9. RANGE CONFIGURATIONS

Ten-meter firing is conducted to teach the soldier techniques of shot grouping, zeroing, engagement of point and area targets, and distribution of fire. Transition range firing is a series of practical live-fire exercises that require the gunner to apply all the fundamentals of automatic weapon marksmanship learned in preparatory marksmanship training and 10-meter firing. It is on the transition range that the SAW gunner demonstrates his proficiency in automatic weapon marksmanship by engaging the types of targets he would be expected to engage in combat.

a. TEN-METER FIRING (TABLES I, II, AND III). The standard M60 machine gun 10-meter target (FSN 6920-078-6128) is used for this exercise.

(1) Grouping and Zeroing. Using the single aiming points at the top of the 10-meter target, the gunner fires three single-shot, shot groups for grouping and sight adjustments in determining his weapon's zero. This firing reinforces the dry-fire experience and allows the gunner loading practice while providing the most accurate and tight shot grouping obtainable with the SAW.

Table 1. Basic (10-Meter) Markmanship - Bipod Firing

Time

Rounds per Firer

Target

Type Ammo

Type Fire

No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit

24

Basic Machine Gun Pasters 1. 2, & 3

(Section A or C) Basic Machine Gun Paster 1

(Section B or D) Basic Machine Gun Paster 2

(Section B or D) Basic Machine Gun Paster 3

(Section B or D) Basic Machine Gun Pasters 5 - 6

(Section A or C) Basic Machine Gun Pasters 7 - 8 (Section A or C)

Ball Ball Ball Ball Ball Ball

Zeroing (single rounds) Fixed • one burst Fixed - one burst

Fixed - one burst

Traverse & Search -

3 rounds per scoring paster Traverse & Search •

3 rounds per scoring paster

Total

57

(2) Point Targets. Using single targets at the top of the target (second section), the gunner fires three-round bursts using individual three-round belts of ammunition. This firing exposes the gunner to automatic fire and the action of the weapon, while at the same time introducing the short bursts to begin training trigger control.

(3) Area Targets. The gunner engages the target group 6 through 5 on the 10-meter target. This target group exposes the gunner to body position changes to engage targets in depth (elbow position changes)

and causes him to use a series of aiming points to disburse fire across the target

The gunner engages the target group 7 through 8 on the 10-meter target. This target exposes the gunner to position changes to engage linear targets with depth and causes him to control the burst length from the weapon, use a series of aiming points, and disburse fire across the target.

Table II. Basic (10-Meter) Marksmanship - Bipod Firing, Qualification Practice

Time

Rounds per Firer

A

Typa Fir©

20 sec 15 25 sec j 24

Basic Machine Gun Pasters 5-6 Traverse & Search •

(Section B or D) 08,1 3 rounds per scoring paster Basic Machine Gun Pasters 7-8 gall ! Traverse & Search • (Section B or D) i 13 rounds per scoring paster

: - 1

Total 39

Table III. Basic (10-Meter) Marksmanship • Bipod Firing. Qualification

Time

Rounds per Firer

; Ammo

25 SHc Total

3 15 24 42

Basic Machine Gun Paster 1 Ba)|

(Section A or B} Basic Machine Gun Pasters 5 - 6 _ „

(Section A or B) Basic Machine Gun Pasters 7-8 (Section A or B) Ha"

Confirm Zero (single rounds)

Traverse & Search -

3 rounds per scoring paster Traverse & Search • 3 rounds per scoring paster

b. TRANSITION RANGE FIRING. Transition firing (instructional and qualification) may be conducted using any of the range configurations in the following figure.

(1) M16 Rifle Record Fire Range (Firing Table IV). One-hundred-meter to 300-meter single E-silhouette targets are used. Targets at 50,150, and 250 meters are not necessarily used.

(2) M60 Machine Gun Transition Range (Table V). This range can be used to engage point targets out to 600 meters. It will require a modification at the 800-meter line to support area target engagement.

Firing Table

FIRING LINE

CONTROL

TWO-POSITION

RANGE CONFIGURATIONS

(3) 800-Meter Area Target. This is a grouping of four target mechanisms, each supporting a double "E" target display. They are arranged in one of three configurations with 10-meter spacing between target mechanisms.

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800-METER AREA TARGET OPTIONS

Table IV. Basic Marksmanship Firing (Transition Range) Practice or Qualification

Range

Rrer

Target

Type Ammo

Type Fire

Confirmation of zero Subiable A

100-300 meters Subtable B

100-300 meters Subtable C

100-300 meters Subiable D 100-300 meters

No limit 25 sec 30 sec 30 sec 40 sec

4 single "E" 100-300 meters

5 single "E" 100-300 meters

4 single "E" 100-300 meiers

5 single "E" 100-300 meters

Ball

Fixed: 3-round burst per target Fixed 3-round burst per target Fixed: 3-round burst*

per target Fixed 3-round burst per target

Total Hounds 117 -63 Practice. 54 Qualification

Table V. Basic Marksmanship Firing (Transition Extended Range) Practice or Qualification

1

Rounds per i Target Ftrer

Type Ammo

Type Fire

Subtable A Subtable B

75 sec 90 sec

91 50

3 double "E" 400 meters 1 double "E" 600 meters 1 4-double "E" array at 800 meters

3 double "E" 400 meters j 1 double "E" 600 meters

4-1 4-1

Fixed 3-round burst per target. 5 to 7-round burst per larget, traverse and search. 5 to 7-round burst at target

Fixed: 3-rourvd burst per larget 5 to 7-round burst per target

Total Rounds 282 - 141 Practice. 141 Qualification

Table VI. Recapitulation of Ammunition for Tables 1 - V

Per Firer Tvpe of Amm0

H in

V

57 Ball 39 | Ball 42 j Ball 117 i Ball and 4-1 282 j 4-1

Toial 537 Rounds

7-10. QUALIFICATION FIRING

Qualification firing is conducted in two phases: 10-meter firing and transition/record fire range.

NOTE: Two gunners can use one target by engaging either A and B or C end D section«.

a. TEN-METER QUALIFICATION FIRING (TABLE III)

(1) The gunner will fire three single rounds at an aiming paster on the top line of the target to establish a three-shot group and confirm his zero. If zero adjustments are needed, corrections should he made before firing another group.

(2) The gunner will then engage target group 5 through 6 with a 15-round belt of ammunition; he will be given 20 seconds for this group. He should fire a three-round burst at each target paster.

(3) The gunner will then engage target group 7 through 8 with a 24-round belt of ammunition; he will be given 25 seconds for this group. He should fire a three-round burst at each target paster.

(4) When scoring the target, only groups 5 through 6 and 7 through 8 are scored. One point is given for each hit, not to exceed three, in each scoring space. Holes touching the boundary of a scoring space are considered hits but can be counted in only one scoring space. When firing group 5 through 6, five scoring spaces are engaged with 15 rounds, with a possible score of 15 points. When firing group 7 through 8, eight scoring spaces are engaged with 24 rounds, with a possible score of 24 points. The total possible score of both groups is 39 points. A minimum of 23 points is required to qualify on the 10-meter range.

(5) Soldiers failing to achieve minimum standards must be retrained and retested in a dry-fire mode on tasks until proficiency is demonstrated. They may not move on to longer range firing. Soldiers should then refire the 10-meter portion, with close supervision and coaching to ensure that the fundamentals are applied properly during live fire and that they qualify.

b. TRANSITION RANGE QUALIFICATION RECORD FIRING

(TABLES IV AND V)

(1) The gunner will fire subtables A, B, C, and D of Table IV, using 12-, 15-, 12-, and 15-round belts of ammunition respectively for each, from the prone position.

(2) The gunner will then fire subtables A and B of Table V, using 91 rounds for subtable A and 50 rounds for subtable B, from the prone position.

NOTE: Tablet IV and V were prepared in their respective bands 100-300 and 400-800 to take advantage of current standard range configurations (M16A1 qualification and M60 transition ranges).

(3) One point is given for each target hit. The total possible transition range points is 27. A minimum of 15 points (15 out of 27 exposures) is required to qualify on the transition range.

7-11. QUALIFICATION STANDARDS

Qualification scores

and ratings are as follows:

POSSIBLE

27

EXPERT

27-

24

FIRST CLASS

23-

20

SECOND CLASS

19-

15

UNQUALIFIED

14-

Below

A scorecard (DA Form 5503-R) is used for recording the gunner's performance on the transition qualification range. Additionally, the scorecard provides for recording the gunner's 10-meter qualification score. This card, which will be reproduced locally on 8Vfe x 11-inch paper, is located at Appendix F.

7-12. UTILIZATION TRAINING

Utilization training on the SAW will encompass minimum essential instruction and firing to teach the soldier the functioning, loading, firing, clearing, immediate action, and general characteristics of the weapon. Utilization training and firing will incorporate significantly less time and ammunition. The gunner fires only the 10-meter practice fire (Table I) and the transition range practice fire (Tables IV and V A).

a. TEN-METER FIRING (TABLE I)

(1) The gunner conducts grouping and zeroing adjustments using single targets at the top of the target (Section A).

(2) Using single targets at the top of the target (Section B), the gunner fires three three-round bursts using individual three-round belts of ammunition.

(3) Using a 15-round belt, the gunner engages target group 6 through 5 in section A (average three rounds per subtarget).

(4) Using a 24-round belt, the gunner engages target group 7 through 8 in Section A (average three rounds per subtarget).

RECORD FIRE SCOffECARD For un of tfUt form, Nt FM 23-14; thm prepor>#ot §o«ncy !■ THADOCX

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"TABLE IN (10 METERl

SUBTABLE IV D

PHASE

RANGE

SEC

HIT

MISS

NO FIRE

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5-6

10M

20

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HIT

MISS

NO FIRE

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2

300

10

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3

100 300

16

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SOTT ABLE IVA

FIRING POINT NO.

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tSZCj.

HIT

MISS

NO FIRE

SUB TOTAL

I

SUBTABLE V A EXTENOED RANGE

1

200

s

/

FIRING PO

INT NO-

2

300

10

r "

tseci

HIT

MISS

NO FIRE

3

SCO 200

10

1

400

15

v/-

2

BOO

30

/

SUB-TOTAL

3

/

3

400 600

30

/

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PHASE

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HIT

MISS

NÖ FIRE

4

400

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SUB TOTAL

4

i

1

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10

SUBTABLE V B EXTENDED RAf*

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FIRING POINT NO.

200 300

20

/

PHASE

RANGE

TIME (SECl

HIT

MISS

NO FIRE

✓*

1

400

15

/

2

600 400

30

/

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+

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-VUBTABLc IV C FIRING POINTIWO.

3

400

15

WM«

(sec)

HfT

MISS

NO FIRE

SUB-TOTAL

3

/

1

300

10

/

QUALIFICATION SCORES ANO RATING:

EXPERT 27 24 FIRST CLASS 23 20 SECOND CLASS 19-15 UNQUALIFIED 14 and below

2

2D0 300 1

15

/

J

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5

/

SUBTOTAL

/

DATA REQUIRED BY PHIVACY ACT OF 1974.

AUTHORITY Executive order 9397 PRINCIPAL PURPOSE Record ©I individual's SQUAD AUTOMATIC WEAPON 4SAW) qualification score ROUTINE USES: SSN will be used lor positive identification only. DISCLOSURE:;Voluntary Individual not providing (nlormaiion cannot be rated scored

D® iMEiTER A NO QUALIFICATION RESULTS

T WE SCORE 3J NO GO__GOvfe*)

EMffFRTffigir'OLg^VSECONP CLASS. UNQUALIFIED

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DA fOflM S60&R, DEC 96

DA fOflM S60&R, DEC 96

b. TRANSITION RANGE FIRING (TABLES IV AND V AJ

(1) Upon completing the 10-meter exercise, the gunner will proceed to the transition/qualification range where he will engage a series of single and multiple targets at ranges of 100 to 300 meters (Table IV). Table IV consists of four subtables in which five targets are presented. The gunner is provided 12-, 15-, or 12- and 15-round belt* for eaefasu&taMe as appropriate.

(2) Upon completion of Table IV, the gunner will relocate re^jiriredi and fire Table V A (extended range). The targets presented arec

• FOUR DOUBLE "E" TARGET ARRAY 800 METERS

• DOUBLE "E" AT 400 METERS AND A DOUBLE "E" AT 600 METERS

NOTE: Se« range configurations for description of the target array. The gunneir ie preoidiadi 9H rounds to engage these targets. The 400-meter targets ere engaged by on« thrcsHwumi burst. The 600- and 800-meter target« are engaged using burst fire (5-7rou«Ricp8irbui*tfy with no more than 41 rounds expended per target. Any hit counts as succsssfufcengagemeBt of the 600-meter double "E" or the 800-meter array.

APPENDIX A

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