Sweden did not adopt a submachine gun until 1937, when she began to manufacture a slightly modified form of the Finnish Suomi, which was made under licence by the Carl Gustav factory. This was replaced soon afterwards by a second version of the same gun, which had a shorter barrel, a very large trigger guard, which could accommodate gloved fingers in winter, and a much straighter stock than the original Finnish gun: this gun was made by the firm of Husqvarna In the course of World War II Sweden, although neutral, increased her army considerably to defend herself if necessary and this led to the realization that she had no simple sub-machine gun for mass-production. She set out to rectify this but the result, the Model 1945, was not in fact put into production until after the war. The Model 1945 was made of stampings from heavy gauge steel, riveted or welded as necessary, and within the limits imposed by these methods was a sound and reliable weapon Mechanically it bore a strong resemblance to the British Sten gun. but had a rectangular stock of tubular metal which could be folded forward on the right of the gun without in any way interfering with its working. Although it was designed for firing on automatic only, single rounds could be fired by anyone with a reasonably sensitive trigger finger It fired a special high velocity cartridge, and the original model used the old Suomi fifty-round magazine. Later versions fired a new thirty-six round type but as large stocks of the older
magazine, which was not interchangeable, remained, the new gun had an easily detached magazine housing which could be replaced by one of the older type if required. This was a temporary provision only until adequate supplies of the new magazine became available, and the latest models have riveted magazine housings.
Left: The 9mm Carl Gustav 45 is held in the firing position.
The history of this weapon is somewhat obscure. It was presented by the Turkish Army, attractively cased with a variety of accessories, to a senior British service officer attending an international rifle meeting in 1968. The Turks are not known to make sub-machine guns and there is no reason to suppose that it was locally made. The various inscriptions on the change lever and elsewhere are in the Turkish language but there is little doubt that it is one of the many varieties of the Swiss Rexim sub-machine gun which appeared from 1953 onwards, under the auspices of the Rexim Small Arms Company located in Geneva. It was at one time known as the Favor submachine gun, and is believed to have been made under contract by the Spanish Arsenal at Corunna. Extensive attempts were made in the mid-1950s to sell the Rexim in the Middle East, but there seems to be no record of any substantial deals being made, principally because the gun was considered to be too complicated, never a good recommendation for a submachine gun in which simplicity is almost the most important factor. The chief interest of the Rexim was that it fired from a closed bolt, that is, the round was fed into the chamber by the action of the cocking handle and remained there until pressure on the trigger allowed the firing pin to go forward. Motive power was provided by two coiled springs, one working inside the other with an intermediate hollow hammer, and looking exactly like an old-fashioned three-draw telescope. When the trigger was pressed the depression of the sear released the hammer which went forward under the force of the large outer spring, struck the firing pin. and fired the round. Normal blowback then followed and the cycle continued. The gun was well made, chiefly of pressings, but with a superior finish. It had a quick release barrel, in which the withdrawal of the small catch under the milled nut allowed the nut to be unscrewed and the barrel pulled out forward. In the model illustrated the butt had a separate pistol grip, presumably designed as a rear hand grip when using the short spring bayonet permanently attached to the muzzle. It took a magazine identical with that of the German MP40 gun. The gun illustrated is probably one of a small number purchased at some time by Turkey but never adopted for service.
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