If you have not read this manual in its entirety, do so before attempting to load your firearm. Improper loading and use of your firearm can cause injury and/or death to the shooter or bystanders and damage to property
The photo on page 28 & 30 pictures a shooter in the process of loading a T/C Scout Carbine and T/C Scout Pistol. Study these photos carefully and read all of the captions before you proceed to charge your T/C Scout.
Before charging, insert the ramrod into the barrel and tap it up and down several times. You will hear the metal cap of the ramrod "clink" as it contacts the steel face of the breech plug. Note exactly how far the ramrod goes into the barrel and how much of the rod extends beyond the muzzle when the barrel is uncharged. Commit this exercise to memory and practice it every time that you handle a muzzleloading firearm. Before you attempt to load it - before you store it away - before you hand it to a friend or leave it unattended, always check to ensure that the firearm in uncharged.
The next precharging exercise is to wipe the bore free of all oil. Be meticulous with your cleaning for the presence of any amount of oil in the barrel or chamber can dampen the powder charge and cause the rifle to misfire or hangfire (see section on "Cleaning"). Point the muzzle in a safe direction and snap several caps on the nipple before charging. This will ensure ignition and clear away any oil that may have accumulated in the nipple port.
Adjust the powder measure to the desired charge and fill it with Black Powder (or Pyrodex). To achieve accuracy, consistency in the powder charge is required. Fill the measure exactly the same each time. Set the rifle on its butt and hold the muzzle away from your face and body as pictured on page 28 (page 30 for the T/C Scout Pistol). Pour the measured charge down the barrel and strike the side of the barrel several sharp raps with the heel of your hand. This will settle the powder into the chamber area of the barrel.
IF YOU ARE LOADING A ROUND BALL WITH PATCH PROCEED AS FOLLOWS.
Lay your lubricated cloth patch over the muzzle and place the round ball in the center of the patch. Uniformity is important. Be certain that the patch is centered and that the weave of the cloth is placed exactly the same each time. Also, the sprue mark (flat section on a cast ball) should be in the up position and carefully centered.
Place the stubby end of the bullet starter on the top of the ball, as shown in Photo "A", and apply pressure until the ball starts into the barrel. A tightly patched ball will require a good deal of pressure and it starts suddenly. It will usually "snap" smartly into the barrel flush with the muzzle.
Start the ball with the stubby end of the Bullet Starter. A tight fitting combination will load smartly. Never attempt to start the ball with the ramrod. Used improperly the ramrod will break and possibly injure your hand.
Once the ball is started, reverse the bullet starter, as shown in Photo "B", and place the rod end on the top of the ball. With a sharp blow of the hand, drive the ball down about four inches into the barrel. The ball and patch have now been formed to the rifling and will (if the bore is not fouled) load easily from this point.
Drive the ball down into the barrel with one sharp blow. Never attempt to start the ball with the ramrod. Used improperly the ramrod will break and possibly injure your hand.
Using the ramrod, push the ball the remainder of the way down the barrel until it contacts the powder charge. Seat the ball firmly against the powder charge but do not pound on it. Pounding on the ramrod will deform the ball. A deformed ball will not shoot accurately. Load and seat each ball with exactly the same pressure, shot after shot. With successive shots, fouling in the bore may build up in sufficient quantity to make loading more difficult, or even impossible. When using a petroleum based lubricant, the buildup will be much more apparent, and cleaning between shots will be necessary. When using an all-natural lubricant such as T/C Natural Lube 1000+ in keeping with the "all natural approach, " this buildup will be far less,
and cleaning between shots will not be necessary. BUT, if for any reason you experience progressively more difficult loading due to buildup of fouling, you must clean the bore, or safe loading will become impossible. See the section on "Cleaning" and the section on "Pulling a Charge."
Use the ramrod to push the ball down the barrel and to seat it against the charge.
Once the ball has been loaded, it is necessary to carefully mark your ramrod at the muzzle. A reference mark on the ramrod will allow you to ensure that all the future projectiles are seated to the same depth (see Photo "D").
Mark the ramrod at the muzzle. Use a marking pencil to mark the ramrod. This will allow you to ensure that each ball is seated to the same depth. Erase and remark each time you adjust the charge or change projectiles. when you arrive at the desired charge, cut a clean notch in the ramrod so you will have a permanent reference mark. This reference mark will serve as an indicator only with the charge and projectile used when it was marked. When the charge and/or projectile change, the reference mark will also changed.
If you are loading a MAXI-BALL® or MAXI-HUNTER® proceed as follows; Do not use a cloth patch with these projectiles. Wipe the oil from the bore and follow the precharging instructions given for your particular style of rifle (cap lock or flint lock). Use Black Powder or Pyrodex only.
Start with the lightest charges listed in our loading chart for your caliber. Use T/C graduated powder measure and measure each charge carefully. Lubricate these bullets
with either Maxi Lube or T/C Natural Lube 1000+ as shown in Photo "E". The Maxi-Ball and Maxi-Hunter are designed to be shot as cast (not sized). Sizing will alter the diameter of the forward bearing band. This destroys the accuracy of the projectile and dangerously decreases its diameter (a loose fitting projectile can move off the powder charge). Study Photo "E". Note how the forward bearing band graves to the rifling when loading. The base of the bullet upsets (increases in diameter) on firing causing it to fill the grooves thus stabilizing the projectile.
FORWARD BEARING BAND (SLIGHTLY OVER BORE DIA.) GRAVES TO RIFLING WHEN LOADING. BASE & REAR BEARING BAND SLIGHTLY UNDER BORE DIA. SUPPLY LEAD TO ENSURE THAT THE BULLET STARTS EASILY AND ALIGNS PROPERLY.
The base of the bullet enters the bore (straight) with only thumb pressure. Pressure of the bullet starter graves the forward bearing band to the rifling as it enters the muzzle.
Hold the rifle as pictured on page 28 (and the pistol as pictured on page 30) and pour your measured powder charge into the barrel. Start the lubricated bullet into the bore with your fingers. The base of the bullet and the rear bearing band will enter the bore easily with finger pressure. The projectile will hang-up when the forward bearing band reaches the muzzle. The diameter of the forward bearing band is somewhat larger than the rest of the bullet and must be engraved to the muzzle to ensure a snug fit. Start the Maxi-Ball or Maxi-Hunter into the muzzle with the stubby end of the bullet starter. Reverse the starter and drive the bullet down about four inches into the barrel with the rod end of the starter. Now use the ramrod to push the projectile the remainder of the way down the barrel until it contacts the powder charge. As with the round ball, the Maxi-Ball and Maxi-Hunter must be seated firmly against the powder charge. Seat the bullet with exactly the same pressure shot after shot. Study Photo "F". Remove the ramrod before you prime the firearm.
Use the ramrod to push the bullet down the barrel and to seat it against the powder charge.
MAXI-BALL OR MAXI-HUNTER MUST ALWAYS BE SEATED FIRMLY AGAINST THE POWDER CHARGE.
After the bullet is seated tightly against the charge, mark your ramrod in the same manner as previously instructed when loading the round ball.
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