All Model 94 rifles are fitted with open sights. The style and adjustment system may vary between models and grades.
The proper procedure is to shoot a group with the sights set as they come from the factory (intermediate position on both elevation and windage), and then make incremental adjustments to move the sight blade and blade holder to position the group on your target. The procedures below are for the type of open sights found on current Model 94 rifles.
BEFORE MAKING ANY SIGHT ADJUSTMENTS, MAKE SURE YOUR RIFLE IS FULLY UNLOADED AND THE MUZZLE IS POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION. PLACE THE HAMMER IN THE REBOUND POSITION AND THE MANUAL HAMMER STOP INTO THE "ON" POSITION.
Up or down elevation adjustments —
Adjusting elevation on your Model 94 requires you to lift up the rear notch blade holder on your rifle's rear sight with your fingers and move the notched elevator either forward or backward (see Figure 16). To raise point of impact, use your fingers to lift up on the blade and slide the elevator rearward. Adjusting the sight to make your gun shoot lower is just the opposite — move the elevator forward. Remember:
• Move the blade and holder up to shoot higher.
• Move the blade and holder down to shoot lower.
For finer elevation adjustments the sight blade itself can be moved up or down. This is done by loosening the two screws that secure the blade to the blade holder and then moving the blade up or down as desired. The screws are then retightened.
rlqht or left windaqe adjustments —
On most Model 94 sights, the entire rear sight blade holder is dove-tailed in the rear sight base. To adjust for windage, gently move the rear sight blade to the right or left by tapping at the dove-tail using a wood or fiber dowel or hammer that will not mar the sight (See Figure 17). If you tap to the right your gun will shoot more to the right. Moving the blade holder to the left is just as easily done. Note how much you adjust the sight as you sight-in your Model 94- Remember:
• Move the rear sight to the right to shoot farther to the right on the target.
• Move the rear sight to the left to shoot farther to the left on the target.
Care should be taken not to mar the finish, damage the attaching screws or bend sight components when adjustments are made.
The front sight bead is also held in a dove-tail mount on the sight base. It is possible to make windage adjustments by tapping it to one side or the other, just like the rear base. Remember, when adjusting the front sight you get the opposite results: move to the right and you shoot more to the left, move the bead to the left and you'll shoot more to the right.
All sight adjustments — of course — are a matter of trial and error. Remember, it is usually necessary to reset your sights when you change type or even brand of ammunition.
Fold-Down Type Siqhts —
Some Model 94 rifles have a fold-down rear sight. The sight can be folded forward so that it will not interfere with the line of sight of a scope. Lower scope mounting is therefore possible. This is helpful if you will be using a scope exclusively. Adjustment for elevation is made by loosening the two screws holding the sight blade to the blade holder and moving them up or down to sight-in your rifle — then retightening. Windage adjustment is drift adjustable and is performed the same way as for standard sights
Siqht Maintenance —
Occasionally check your sights to make sure they have not been jarred or vibrated out of adjustment. This is especially important after extensive shooting or after hunting under rugged conditions. Check the two screws holding the rear sight blade in place on the blade mount and carefully tighten if necessary. Check the screw hold-
Correct sight picture.
ing the front sight base to the barrel. The front hood (if so equipped) is held in place by slight indents in each side rail. If necessary it can be removed by carefully pulling it forward and off. Reinstallation is the reverse. Front and rear sight bases should always be tight on the barrel and dove-tails should be snug.
slqht picture —
The correct sight picture for the sights on your Model 94 is with the front bead resting in the U-shaped notch in the sight blade. The bead itself should rest directly under the point of impact (See Figure 18). For example, if you were shooting a conventional small bore target, the round, black bull's-eye would appear to rest on top of the front bead.
Some Model 94 rifles are supplied with a hammer extension. A hammer extension is useful when a scope is mounted. It extends to the side, making it convenient to cock and lower the hammer even with a low-mounted scope.
The hammer extension can be used in either the right hand or left hand position. To install, coat the hammer extension threads with Loctitefl thread locking compound. Position the round hollow edge to the left or right as preferred and fully tighten the hammer extension in the tapped hole in the hammer (See Figure 19). (Right-handed shooters usually prefer mounting the extension to the right side.)
WARNING: HAMMER EXTENSIONS CAN LOOSEN WITH USE. OCCASIONALLY CHECK TO MAKE SURE YOUR HAMMER EXTENSION IS STILL ON TIGHTLY. PROPER MOUNTING OF THE HAMMER EXTENSION IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGE.
It is important to familiarize yourself thoroughly with the operation and use of the hammer extension and your firearm prior to using live ammunition.
cleaning and maintenance suqqestions
The Model 94 will function better and more reliably over a longer period of time if it is properly maintained and kept clean.
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY CLEANING PROCEDURES, ALWAYS MAKE CERTAIN THERE ARE NO CARTRIDGES IN THE CHAMBER, MAGAZINE OR ACTION/FEED AREAS.
You should clean your Model 94 after every day of shooting and more often if it becomes excessively dirty. A minimum cleaning includes wiping down the action and oiling key parts. Most regular maintenance will also include cleaning the barrel. If you encounter a function problem (tight action when working the finger lever), be sure to give your gun a thorough cleaning to see if it solves the problem before seeking the services of one of our Authorized Repair Centers, our service facility or a competent gunsmith.
To clean your firearm, follow the general outline below:
Cleaninq Procedures —
BE CERTAIN YOUR GUN'S CHAMBER AND MAGAZINE ARE UNLOADED. ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE SAFETY GLASSES DURING ALL CLEANING PROCEDURES. KEEP AMMUNITION AWAY FROM THE CLEANING AREA. DO NOT TEST THE FUNCTION OF YOUR FIREARM WITH LIVE AMMUNITION.
ALWAYS PLACE THE MANUAL HAMMER STOP IN THE "ON" (SAFE) POSITION BEFORE BEGINNING ANY CLEANING PROCEDURE.
1. Use a cleaning rod with a tip and patch suitable for the bore diameter of your rifle. Make sure the patch is large enough for a snug fit in the bore.
Insert the rod and patch into the barrel at the muzzle end and run it back and forth several times. Use a crown protector if possible. Be careful not to strike the crown of the muzzle with the handle end of the rod. Damage to this area can affect the accuracy of the rifle.
2. Inspect the chamber and bore for brass, copper and powder fouling. A normal amount of powder residue can be expected and is not serious. It can usually be removed by repeating step one, using a patch saturated with solvent. If or when fouling should become heavy, it can be removed with a brass bore brush. Dip or spray the brush with solvent and scrub the chamber and bore until the fouling is removed. To prevent brass bristles from breaking off, the brush should be pushed completely through the bore before being withdrawn. If cast lead bullets are used a lead solvent may be used as well to fully clean the bore. Follow the instructions on all solvents and cleaners.
3. After fouling has been removed the bore should be wiped dry. Then pass a slightly oiled patch through the bore, for preservation. A fine, light gun oil is recommended.
4. Wipe all exposed metal surfaces of the receiver, forearm and barrel with a clean rag. Finger marks should be removed because they provide a place where moisture can accumulate. Any dried oil in the receiver area should also be removed.
5. Then lightly oil your gun at the points described under "Oiling the Action" explained earlier in this manual. Ordinary good judgment will, of course, indicate that the metal of the gun should receive a light film of oil any time the rifle has been exposed to weather or handling. Remember, the polished, finely fitted surfaces of the receiver and action mechanisms must always have a thin film of oil. Make sure that the surfaces of the breech block, lever components and feed mechanism parts are especially clean and lightly oiled with a high quality gun oil. Do not use pure silicone or lanolin.
6. INSPECT THE BARREL AND CHAMBER. TO MAKE CERTAIN THAT NO PATCHES HAVE BEEN INADVERTENTLY LEFT IN THEM. Remove any that remain.
8. When transporting only, store your Model 94 in a quality protective case to prevent scratches and dents. Store in a dry place to prevent corrosion. Store away from children. MAKE SURE YOUR GUN IS UNLOADED
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